anucha


Uzo Anucha

Photo of Uzo Anucha

School of Social Work

Associate Professor

Office: Ross Building, S842
Phone: 416-736-2100 Ext: 66329
Email: anucha@yorku.ca
Primary website: http://www.yorku.ca/act
Secondary website: http://www.noise.info.yorku.ca


Uzo Anucha is an Associate Professor at the School of Social Work, York University and the founding Director of the Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group.

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Uzo Anucha is an Associate Professor at the School of Social Work, York University and the founding Director of the Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group.
She holds a PhD in Social Work from the University of Toronto; BSW and MSW in Social Work from York University; MSc in Clinical Psychology from the University of Benin, Nigeria; and BSc in Psychology from the University of Nigeria. Uzo Anucha’s scholarship, teaching and professional activity focuses on promoting equity and access for diverse communities within local, national and international contexts.

Uzo conceptualizes her applied research scholarship as a community dialogue that must fully engage the community studied. She actively seeks to bridge the gap between knowledge production and knowledge use by translating and disseminating research findings to end users (policy-makers and practitioners) using multiple channels. She frequently presents her work in diverse forums that are accessible to communities, agencies and policy makers.

Degrees

PhD, University of Toronto
MSW, York University
BSW, York University
MSc in Clinical Psychology, University of Benin, Nigeria

Professional Leadership

Member - Executive Committee of the York Institute for Health Research, York University Member - Executive Committee of the Centre for Feminist Research, York University Director - Central Local Health Integration Network Board of Directors, Ontario

Community Contributions

Dr. Anucha has served on a variety of community-based boards such as the Sandwich Community Health Centre and the Women Working with Immigrant Women in Windsor Ontario, and the Race and Ethno-cultural Relations Committee of the City of Windsor. She has served as the Vice-chair of the Boards of both the Community Resources Consultants of Toronto, the Peel Addiction Assessment and Referral Centre, a Community Member on the Strategic Directions Committee of the Board of Trustees, York Central Hospital, Member, Board of Accreditation, Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work and the Council on the Role and Status of Women in Social Work Education, Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). She is currently on the board of the Central Local Health Integration Network.

Research Interests

Community-Based Research , Homelessness and Under-Housing, Immigration and Diversity, International Social Work, Critical Positive Youth Development, Social Work

Current Research Projects

Assets Coming Together for Youth: Linking Research, Policy and Action for Positive Youth Development

    Summary:

    The Assets Coming Together for Youth Project (2009 – 2014) is a community-university research alliance that is focused on developing a comprehensive youth strategy that will outline how urban communities like the Jane-Finch community can build assets for youth.

    Description:

    The Assets Coming Together for Youth Project is a 5-year project (2009-2014) community-university research alliance funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The project brings together a multi-sectoral alliance of community stakeholders; an interdisciplinary network of scholars; and youth to undertake a programme of applied research, capacity building, knowledge transfer and evaluation that is focused on youth in ‘marginalized’ urban communities using as a case study the Jane-Finch community. ACT for Youth is exploring five research questions managed by five Research Theme Working Groups. Each Research Theme’s activities involve the collection of original data using mixed-methods such as survey, in-depth interviews, ethnographic focus groups and arts-based approaches as well as analysis of relevant secondary data sets. Each Research Theme is co-chaired by a university and community researcher and includes university and community researchers and youth working together in all aspects of the research process.

    See more
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2009

    End Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2014

    Funders:
    SSHRC CURA
Public Outreach Dissemination project: "A Community Dialogue on Hidden Homelessness among Newcomer Canadians"

    Description:

    The objectives of this project are two-fold: the first objective is to increase public awareness of hidden homelessness among immigrants and refugees particulalry those immigrants and refugees who settle outside of Canada’s three major immigrant-receiving cities (Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver) in South Western Ontario using Windsor-Essex County as a model.

    The second objective is to translate relevant research findings into accessible formats such as clear language research bulletins and disseminate these to community stakeholders in SouthWestern Ontario and other Canadian second-tier cities to enable these communities to develop action strategies that address hidden homelessness, as some of these cties do not have access to the type and range of resources that larger urban cities do.

    See more
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2008

    End Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2009

    Collaborator: The Homeless Coalition of Windsor-Essex Region; The City of Windsor
    Collaborator Role: Community Partners

    Funders:
    SSHRC
The Role of Affordable Housing in the Well-Being of Children - An Exploratory Longitudinal Study

    Description:

    This project will develop a longitudinal research strategy that could be used to conduct a multi-city study to understand the relationship between the receipt of affordable housing through the Affordable Housing Programme (AHP) or social housing and the wellbeing of children. The project will examine outcomes (such as employment, educational attainment, well-being of children, etc.) associated with having secure, affordable housing.

    The project will use the developed longitudinal research strategy to conduct a small-scale pilot study that will provide preliminary data on how the receipt of affordable housing impacts the well-being of children.

    See more
    Role: Principal Researcher

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2008

    End Date:
      Month: Dec   Year: 2009

    Collaborator: Lisa Smylie and Daphne Jeyapal
    Collaborator Institution: University of Windsor and University of Toronto
    Collaborator Role: Co-Investigators

    Funders:
    Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing
    HRSDC
    Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
HIV Prevention for Youth: Mobilizing Nigerian Schools and Communities

    Description:

    The HIV Prevention for Youth project asks two questions: How is youth vulnerability and risk situated within individual, interpersonal and community dynamics? To what degree can school- and community-based interventions separately, and in combination contribute to reducing youth risk and vulnerability? The project takes a social ecological approach to prevention that places individual risk of acquiring HIV within the context of interpersonal networks, community and broader social and cultural contexts. The project uses an action research model that incorporates into the research process the sharing and translation of knowledge into programmatic and policy actions.

    See more
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collaborator: Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
    Collaborator Institution: University of Windsor
    Collaborator Role: Principal Investigator

    Funders:
    Teasdale-Corti Global Health Partnership Program (CIHR, IDRC, Health Canada and CIDA)
The Evaluation of StreetJibe

    Description:

    StreetJibe is a two-year pilot project in York Region funded by Trillium to increase access to relevant and effective programming for youth experiencing poverty and homelessness. The evaluation of StreetJibe examines: the implementation of the program whether StreetJibe has met its goals of building cross-sectoral alliances within York region that brings partners from different sectors together how participating staff from youth-serving agencies use their training from StreetJibe in working with youth clients.

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    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Feb   Year: 2007

    End Date:
      Month: Aug   Year: 2009

The Social Work in Nigeria Project

    Description:

    The Social Work in Nigeria Project (SWIN-P) is a multi-faceted, equitable and reciprocal international collaboration that brings together faculty members from the University of Benin, Nigeria, York University, University of Windsor and University of British Columbia. SWIN-P emphasizes extensive collaboration with diverse community stakeholders, and the building of complementary and broad-based partnerships that include seven NGOs, a State Ministry of Social Welfare and the Nigerian Association of Social Workers. The research component of the project focuses on applied research projects on women's vulnerability to poverty, HIV/AIDS and sex trade trafficking. The project is also conducting an inventory and benchmarking of indigenous social welfare practices. Other project components include curricula development at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

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    Role: Project Director

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2006

    End Date:
      Month: Jul   Year: 2012

    Collaborator: Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development, Edo State; Nigerian Association of Social Workers
    Collaborator Role: Community Partners

    Funders:
    AUCC/CIDA
    York University, University of Windsor, University of British Columbia
    University of Benin

    See more
Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Anucha, U. (2007) "The Challenges and Possibilities of Re-visioning Social Work Education in Africa" Chapter 10 - New Directions in African Education: Issues in Curriculum, Pedagogy, Policy and Access, (ed) S. Nombuso Dlamini University of Calgary Press, pp. 147-170.

2007

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Dlamini, S.N., Anucha, U. & Wolfe, B. “Negotiated challenges in the workplace: Immigrant womens views and experiences of employment in Canada”: Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 27 (4), 420-434

2013

Anucha, U., Lovell, A. & Jeyapal, D. (In Press) . Growing New Roots: The Housing Experiences of Racialized Newcomers in a Second -Tier Canadian City, Canadian Social Work – Special Issue on the Settlement and Integration of Newcomers to Canada

2011

Anucha, U. (2010) . Housed but Homeless? Negotiating Everyday Life in a Shared Housing Program for Homeless People, Families in Society – A Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 91(1), 67-75

2010

Dlamini, S. N., Wolfe, B., Anucha, U. & Yan, M. (2009) . Engaging the Canadian Diaspora, Youth Social Identities in a Canadian Border City, McGill Journal of Education, 44(3)

2009

Gorey KM, Luginaah IN, Schwartz KL, Fung, KY, Balagurusamy M, Bartfay E, Wright FC, Anucha U, Parsons RR (2009). “Increased racial group breast cancer care and survival differentials in America: Historical evidence consistent with a health insurance hypothesis, 1975 to 2001”. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 113:595-600

2009

Dlamini, S. N. & Anucha, U. (2009) . “Trans-nationalism, social identities and African youth in the Canadian diaspora”, Social Identities, Volume 15, Issue 2, pages 227 - 242

2009

Anucha, U. (2007) “Exploring a New Direction for Social Work Education and Training in Nigeria”, Social Work Education – The International Journal, 27 (3), 229 – 242.

2007

Anucha, U. (2006) . “When a Bed is Home: The Challenges and Paradoxes of Community Development in a Shared Housing Program for Homeless People”, Canadian Review of Social Policy – Special Edition on Canadian Homelessness. 58, 62 – 83.

2006

Anucha, U. (2005) . We are Not Just Rent Receipts: Housing, Neigbourhood, and Community Re-imagined by Formerly Homeless People. Canadian Social Work Review 22 (2), 188 – 209.

2005

Anucha, U. (2004) . Conceptualizing Homeless Exits and Returns: The Case for a Multidimensional Response to Episodic Homelessness. Critical Social Work, 6(1).

2004

Sylvestre, J., Trainor, J., Hopkins, M., Anucha, U., Ilves, P., and N. Ramsundar. (2001) . À propos de la stabilité du logement chez des personnes prises avec des troubles mentaux graves, 14 (2), 59 – 74.

2001

Dlamini, S. N. & Anucha, U. (Accepted) . Intergenerational Links and the Civic Participation of Youth from African Communities, Journal of Thought: A Journal of Critical Reflection on Educational Issues


Professional Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Anucha, U. (2008) . Building Equitable North-South Collaborations: The Social Work in Nigeria Project, e-MAGINED – Canadian e-Magazine of International Education, 1 (3)

2008

Anucha, U. (2004) . “Understanding Homelessness among Immigrants and Refugees”, OASW Newsmagazine – The Journal of the Ontario Association of Social Workers, 32

2004

Conference Papers

Publication
Year

Boswell, T. & Anucha, U. (2009) . “Comparative Profiles of Blacks in Canada and the United States”, Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Las Vegas

2009

Anucha, U., Flemming, J. & Leung, H. (2009) . Exits and Returns: An Exploratory Longitudinal Study of Homeless People in Windsor, Growing Home: Housing and Homelessness in Canada Conference, Calgary

2009

Anucha, U., Flemming, J. & Leung, H. (2009) . The Housing Situations of Immigrants and Refugees in Second-Tier Cities: A Case Study of Windsor-Essex County, Growing Home: Housing and Homelessness in Canada Conference, Calgary

2009

Jeyapal, D., Okolocha, C., Anucha, U., Razack, U. (2008) . "Building Equitable North-South Collaborations: Lessons from the Social Work in Nigeria Project", International Association of Schools of Social Work 34th Global Social Work Congress, Durban - South Africa.

2008

Anucha, U. (2008) . "Immigrant Status, Race and Gender: Intersecting Barriers to Housing", Workshop on Barriers to Housing, 10th National Metropolis Conference, Halifax.

2008

Yiu, L. & Anucha, U. (2008) . "Perception of Breast Health Practices among Ethno-Cultural Women", 5th World Conference on Breast Cancer, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

2008

Anucha, U., Kimber*, M. & Yiu, L. (2008) . “Promoting Access to Breast Health for Ethno-Cultural Women in an Underserved Health Area: Barriers, Facilitators and Best Practices”, Social Work National Conference, Toronto

2008

Kimber, M., Yiu, L., & Anucha, U. (2007) . “Breast Health Practice among African Women”, Poster Presentation at the Making Connections: A Canadian Cancer Research Conference, National Cancer Institute of Canada, Toronto.

2007

Anucha, U., Mitchell, C. (2007) “Community Engagement as a Methodological Practice: Lessons from a Community-University Research Project on Social Capital and Immigrant/Refugee Women”, Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work Annual Conference (in conjunction with CFHSS), University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.

2007

Anucha, U. (2007) . “Growing New Roots: The Housing Situations of Immigrants and Refugees in Windsor-Essex County”, Symposium on Newcomers, Housing and Homelessness, Metropolis, Toronto.

2007

Anucha, U. (2007) . “Poverty and Homelessness”, KM in the AM Knowledge Mobilization Breakfast, Knowledge Mobilization Unit and Human Services Planning Coalition of York Region, Markham.

2007

Yiu, L., Anucha, U. & Kimber, M. (2007) . “Promoting Breast Health Among Ethno-cultural Women in Windsor-Essex”, Making Connections: A Canadian Cancer Research Conference, National Cancer Institute of Canada, Toronto.

2007

Anucha, U., Mitchell, C. (2006) . “Engaging the Community to Understand the Housing Situations of Newcomers”, 8th National Metropolis Conference, Vancouver.

2006

Anucha U. & Medcalf, M. (2006) “Exits and Returns: A Longitudinal Study of Homeless People in Windsor”, Windsor-Essex County Homelessness and Housing Research Forum, Windsor.

2006

Anucha, U., Mitchell, C. & K. Bedeau. (2006) . The Apartment Was So Tight It Put Pressure on You: A Multi-Method Study of the Housing Conditions of Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City.

2006

Anucha, U. (2005) . “A Collaborative Needs Assessment of HIV/AIDS Services and Gaps for Women”, 51st Annual Conference of the Council for Social Work Education, New York City.

2005

Anucha, U. Medcalf, M. Bedeau*, K. & Ferron, T. (2005) “A Community- University Research Collaboration on Social Capital and the Welfare of Immigrant Women”, Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work Annual Conference (in conjunction with CFHSS), University of Western Ontario.

2005

Anucha, U., Obianwu, H., Smith, N. & Erondu, A*. (2005) . “An International Collaborative Needs Assessment of HIV/AIDS Services and Gaps for Young Women in Nigeria”, Ninth Annual Conference of the Society for Social Work and Research. Miami.

2005

Jean-Baptiste*, N. & Anucha, U. (2005) “Are Western HIV Prevention Strategies a Good Fit for Sub-Saharan African Women?”, The 6th Annual Feminist Research Group Conference, University of Windsor.

2005

Anucha, U., Medcalf, M., Bedeau, K., Ferron*, T & Ranu, K. (2005) “Growing New Roots: Home, Neighborhood, Community and Social Capital among New Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City”, Canadian Conference on Homelessness, York University.

2005

Jean-Baptiste, N., Anucha, U. & Luginaah, I. (2005) . "Sexual Coercion and HIV/AIDS among Young Nigerian Women”, American Psychological Association Annual Convention, Washington, DC.

2005

Anucha, U. (2005) “When Bed is Home: A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of ‘Hard to House’ Tenants in Shared Housing Programs”, Canadian Conference on Homelessness, York University.

2005

Anucha, U. (2004) “Conceptualizing Exits and Returns to Homelessness: A Multidimensional Model of Factors Associated with Episodic Homelessness”, International Sociological Association under the auspices of the Housing and the Built Environment Research Committee 43, Toronto.

2004

Anucha, U. (2004) “The Politics of Keeping Space: A Multi Method Study of the Housing Stability of Hard to House Persons”, Eight Annual Conference of the Society for Social Work and Research, New Orleans.

2004

Parsons, R. R., Gorey, K. M., Anucha, U. & Nakhaie, R. (2004) “Institutional racism and classism in health care: Meta-analytic evidence of their existence in America, but not in Canada”, 132nd annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

2004

Anucha, U. (2003) “Factors Associated With The Housing Stability Of ‘Hard To House’ People”, 29th Annual Harvey Stancer Research Day, University of Toronto.

2003

Zahraei, S.; Hopkins, M.; Anucha, U.; Ilves, P. & Trainor, J. (2003) “The Community Networking Assessment Tool”, 29th Annual Harvey Stancer Research Day, University of Toronto.

2003

Hopkins, M., Anucha, U., Ramsundar, N., Trainor, J. & Ilves, P. (2003) “Collaborating for Optimal Client Outcomes? A Qualitative Study of Client Perspectives of a Partnership Support Model for the Seriously Mentally Ill”, 29th Annual Harvey Stancer Research Day, University of Toronto.

2003

Anucha, U. (2003) “Where do they come from? Why do they leave? Where do they go? A study of tenant exits from housing for homeless people”, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation’s National Housing Research Committee’s working group meeting on homelessness, Ottawa

2003

Hopkins, M., Anucha, U., & Ramsundar, N. (2002) “Collaborating for Optimal Client Outcomes: An Evaluation of the Joint Community Support Team”, International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Toronto.

2002

Zahraei, S. & Anucha, U. (2003) “Working with Homeless Immigrants & Refugees with Mental Health Issues: Barriers, Gaps, Strategies and Resources”, Living on the Ragged Edge: Immigrants, Refugees and Homelessness Housing Forum, Toronto.

2002

Anucha, U. & Kwasi Kafele, P. (2001) “Planning for Inclusion: Lessons and Challenges from the Diversity Project of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health”, International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Houston Texas.

2001

Trainor, J., Anucha, U., Hopkins, M., Ilves, P., & Sylvestre, J. (2001) Building the Perfect Partnership: Lessons from Joint Ventures between a Psychiatric Hospital and Community Mental Health Agencies. International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Houston Texas

2001

Sylvestre, J.C., Trainor, J., Ilves, P., Hopkins, M., & Anucha, U. (2001) “The Conceptualization and Evaluation of Housing Stability”, International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Houston Texas.

2001

Anucha, U. (2001) “Evaluating Social service programs”, Research Methods Course, School of Social Work, Ryerson Polytechnic University (Instructor: Miu C. Yan)

2001

Anucha, U. & Dempsey, D. (2000) “A Balancing Act – Strategies for Resolving Ethical Issues in Social Work Discharge Planning”, Ontario Medical Education Network, Toronto.

2000

Ilves, P., Anucha, U. & Hopkins, M. (1999) “Beyond Homelessness and Psychiatric Illness: Factors Associated with the Housing Stability of Psychiatric Consumers/Survivors”, Poster Presentation, Annual Congress of the Canadian Academy of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Toronto.

1999

Kimber, M., Anucha, U. & Yiu, L. (2008) . "Promoting Access to Breast Health for Ethno Cultural Women in an Underserved Health Area", 5th World Conference on Breast Cancer, Winnipeg, Manitoba.


Research Reports

Publication
Year

Anucha, U., Lovell, A., Flemming, J. & Leung, H.(2009). Growing New Roots in Second-Tier Cities: The Housing Situation of Newcomers in Windsor-Essex, ISBN 978-1-55014-515-1, The Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group, York University

2009

Anucha, U., Yiu, U., Smylie, L., Mitchell, C., Dlamini, S. N., Lewis, K. (2008) . "Does it Work? An Evaluation of a Breast Health Promotion Workshop for Ethno-Cultural Women", Research Bulletin #1, ISBN: 978-1-55014-493-2, Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group, York University.

2008

Anucha, U., U., Yiu, L., Dlamini, S. N., Mitchell, C., Jeyapal, D., Leung, H. & Kimber, M. (2008) ."Promoting Breast Health for Ethno-Cultural Women in Windsor-Essex County What Helps, What Hinders?" Research Bulletin #2, ISBN: 978-1-55014-494-9, Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group, York University.

2008

Anucha, U., Smylie, L., Mitchell, C. & Omorodion, F. (2007) . Exits and Returns: An Exploratory Longitudinal Study of Homeless People in Windsor-Essex County, Ottawa: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.

2007

Anucha, U., Dlamini, S. N., Yan, M. C. & L. Smylie. (2006) Capital social et bien-être des immigrantes: étude multidimensionnelle auprès de quatre communautés ethniques de Windsor. ISBN 978-0-662-73134-4 Nº de cat. SW21-152/2006F-PDF

2006

Anucha, U., Dlamini, S. N., Yan, M. C. & Smylie, L. (2006) . “Social Capital and the Welfare of Immigrant Women: A Multi-level Study of Four Ethnic Communities”, 145p. Ottawa: Status of Women Canada ISBN 978-0-662-44720-7 Cat. No. SW21-152/2006E-PDF.

2006

Anucha, U. (2003) “Where do they come from? Why do they leave? Where do they go? A study of tenant exits from housing for homeless people”, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation’s National Housing Research Committee’s working group meeting on homelessness, Ottawa.

2003

Public Lectures

Publication
Year

Razack, N., Anucha, U., Miadonye, I., & Okeke, P. L. (2008) . "Collaborative Research and Indigenizing Knowledge: Building Equitable North-South Partnerships', The Global South and Internationalization Symposium, York University.

2008

Anucha, U. (2007) “Race, Gender and Social Capital”, Centre for Refugee Studies, York University.

2007

Anucha, U. (2007) . “The Importance of Educational Transformation for Social Work Education”, Opening Remarks at the International Symposium, in conjunction with the International Association of Schools of Social Work and the International Affairs Committee, CASSW.

2007

Anucha, U., Wilkinson, U. & Friesen, S. (2006) “Homelessness in Rural Areas: Patterns, Causes, and Best Practices for Program Delivery”, Windsor-Essex County Homelessness and Housing Research Forum, Windsor.

2006

Anucha, U. & Mitchell, C. (2006) . “The 'Housing Situations' of Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City”, Public Seminar, Joint Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement, University of Toronto.

2006

Anucha, U. (2006) “Growing New Roots: The Housing Situations of Immigrants and Refugees in Windsor-Essex County”, Symposium on Newcomers, Housing and Homelessness, Metropolis, Toronto

2006

Anucha, U. (2005) “Understanding Hidden Homelessness among Newcomer Canadians”, Canadian Council on Refugees Fall Consultation, London.

2005

Anucha, U. (2005) “Responding to Homelessness: Challenges and Solutions”, Social Justice InAction Community Discussion, Centre for Studies in Social Justice, University of Windsor and Windsor Public Library.

2005

Anucha, U. (2005) “A Community-University Research Collaboration on Homelessness among Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City”, Lunch on Campus: Home at Last?, Recent Newcomers and Homelessness in Canada, National Secretariat on Homelessness and Metropolis Project, Canadian Federation of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Western Ontario.

2005

Anucha, U. & Roberts, P. (2000) “Planning for Inclusion: Lessons and Challenges from the Diversity Project of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health”, Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, MSW Orientation Day.

2000



Upcoming Courses

Term Course Number Section Title Type
Fall 2019 AP/SOWK4130 3.0 A Social Work with Immigrants and Refugees LECT
Fall 2019 GS/SOWK7020 3.0 A Seminar on Research Design & Methodology SEMR


Uzo Anucha is an Associate Professor at the School of Social Work, York University and the founding Director of the Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group.

Uzo Anucha is an Associate Professor at the School of Social Work, York University and the founding Director of the Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group.
She holds a PhD in Social Work from the University of Toronto; BSW and MSW in Social Work from York University; MSc in Clinical Psychology from the University of Benin, Nigeria; and BSc in Psychology from the University of Nigeria. Uzo Anucha’s scholarship, teaching and professional activity focuses on promoting equity and access for diverse communities within local, national and international contexts.

Uzo conceptualizes her applied research scholarship as a community dialogue that must fully engage the community studied. She actively seeks to bridge the gap between knowledge production and knowledge use by translating and disseminating research findings to end users (policy-makers and practitioners) using multiple channels. She frequently presents her work in diverse forums that are accessible to communities, agencies and policy makers.

Degrees

PhD, University of Toronto
MSW, York University
BSW, York University
MSc in Clinical Psychology, University of Benin, Nigeria

Professional Leadership

Member - Executive Committee of the York Institute for Health Research, York University Member - Executive Committee of the Centre for Feminist Research, York University Director - Central Local Health Integration Network Board of Directors, Ontario

Community Contributions

Dr. Anucha has served on a variety of community-based boards such as the Sandwich Community Health Centre and the Women Working with Immigrant Women in Windsor Ontario, and the Race and Ethno-cultural Relations Committee of the City of Windsor. She has served as the Vice-chair of the Boards of both the Community Resources Consultants of Toronto, the Peel Addiction Assessment and Referral Centre, a Community Member on the Strategic Directions Committee of the Board of Trustees, York Central Hospital, Member, Board of Accreditation, Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work and the Council on the Role and Status of Women in Social Work Education, Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). She is currently on the board of the Central Local Health Integration Network.

Research Interests

Community-Based Research , Homelessness and Under-Housing, Immigration and Diversity, International Social Work, Critical Positive Youth Development, Social Work

Current Research Projects

Assets Coming Together for Youth: Linking Research, Policy and Action for Positive Youth Development

    Summary:

    The Assets Coming Together for Youth Project (2009 – 2014) is a community-university research alliance that is focused on developing a comprehensive youth strategy that will outline how urban communities like the Jane-Finch community can build assets for youth.

    Description:

    The Assets Coming Together for Youth Project is a 5-year project (2009-2014) community-university research alliance funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The project brings together a multi-sectoral alliance of community stakeholders; an interdisciplinary network of scholars; and youth to undertake a programme of applied research, capacity building, knowledge transfer and evaluation that is focused on youth in ‘marginalized’ urban communities using as a case study the Jane-Finch community. ACT for Youth is exploring five research questions managed by five Research Theme Working Groups. Each Research Theme’s activities involve the collection of original data using mixed-methods such as survey, in-depth interviews, ethnographic focus groups and arts-based approaches as well as analysis of relevant secondary data sets. Each Research Theme is co-chaired by a university and community researcher and includes university and community researchers and youth working together in all aspects of the research process.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2009

    End Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2014

    Funders:
    SSHRC CURA
Public Outreach Dissemination project: "A Community Dialogue on Hidden Homelessness among Newcomer Canadians"

    Description:

    The objectives of this project are two-fold: the first objective is to increase public awareness of hidden homelessness among immigrants and refugees particulalry those immigrants and refugees who settle outside of Canada’s three major immigrant-receiving cities (Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver) in South Western Ontario using Windsor-Essex County as a model.

    The second objective is to translate relevant research findings into accessible formats such as clear language research bulletins and disseminate these to community stakeholders in SouthWestern Ontario and other Canadian second-tier cities to enable these communities to develop action strategies that address hidden homelessness, as some of these cties do not have access to the type and range of resources that larger urban cities do.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2008

    End Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2009

    Collaborator: The Homeless Coalition of Windsor-Essex Region; The City of Windsor
    Collaborator Role: Community Partners

    Funders:
    SSHRC
The Role of Affordable Housing in the Well-Being of Children - An Exploratory Longitudinal Study

    Description:

    This project will develop a longitudinal research strategy that could be used to conduct a multi-city study to understand the relationship between the receipt of affordable housing through the Affordable Housing Programme (AHP) or social housing and the wellbeing of children. The project will examine outcomes (such as employment, educational attainment, well-being of children, etc.) associated with having secure, affordable housing.

    The project will use the developed longitudinal research strategy to conduct a small-scale pilot study that will provide preliminary data on how the receipt of affordable housing impacts the well-being of children.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Principal Researcher

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2008

    End Date:
      Month: Dec   Year: 2009

    Collaborator: Lisa Smylie and Daphne Jeyapal
    Collaborator Institution: University of Windsor and University of Toronto
    Collaborator Role: Co-Investigators

    Funders:
    Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing
    HRSDC
    Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
HIV Prevention for Youth: Mobilizing Nigerian Schools and Communities

    Description:

    The HIV Prevention for Youth project asks two questions: How is youth vulnerability and risk situated within individual, interpersonal and community dynamics? To what degree can school- and community-based interventions separately, and in combination contribute to reducing youth risk and vulnerability? The project takes a social ecological approach to prevention that places individual risk of acquiring HIV within the context of interpersonal networks, community and broader social and cultural contexts. The project uses an action research model that incorporates into the research process the sharing and translation of knowledge into programmatic and policy actions.

    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collaborator: Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
    Collaborator Institution: University of Windsor
    Collaborator Role: Principal Investigator

    Funders:
    Teasdale-Corti Global Health Partnership Program (CIHR, IDRC, Health Canada and CIDA)
The Evaluation of StreetJibe

    Description:

    StreetJibe is a two-year pilot project in York Region funded by Trillium to increase access to relevant and effective programming for youth experiencing poverty and homelessness. The evaluation of StreetJibe examines: the implementation of the program whether StreetJibe has met its goals of building cross-sectoral alliances within York region that brings partners from different sectors together how participating staff from youth-serving agencies use their training from StreetJibe in working with youth clients.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Feb   Year: 2007

    End Date:
      Month: Aug   Year: 2009

The Social Work in Nigeria Project

    Description:

    The Social Work in Nigeria Project (SWIN-P) is a multi-faceted, equitable and reciprocal international collaboration that brings together faculty members from the University of Benin, Nigeria, York University, University of Windsor and University of British Columbia. SWIN-P emphasizes extensive collaboration with diverse community stakeholders, and the building of complementary and broad-based partnerships that include seven NGOs, a State Ministry of Social Welfare and the Nigerian Association of Social Workers. The research component of the project focuses on applied research projects on women's vulnerability to poverty, HIV/AIDS and sex trade trafficking. The project is also conducting an inventory and benchmarking of indigenous social welfare practices. Other project components include curricula development at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Project Director

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2006

    End Date:
      Month: Jul   Year: 2012

    Collaborator: Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development, Edo State; Nigerian Association of Social Workers
    Collaborator Role: Community Partners

    Funders:
    AUCC/CIDA
    York University, University of Windsor, University of British Columbia
    University of Benin

All Publications


Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Anucha, U. (2007) "The Challenges and Possibilities of Re-visioning Social Work Education in Africa" Chapter 10 - New Directions in African Education: Issues in Curriculum, Pedagogy, Policy and Access, (ed) S. Nombuso Dlamini University of Calgary Press, pp. 147-170.

2007

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Dlamini, S.N., Anucha, U. & Wolfe, B. “Negotiated challenges in the workplace: Immigrant womens views and experiences of employment in Canada”: Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 27 (4), 420-434

2013

Anucha, U., Lovell, A. & Jeyapal, D. (In Press) . Growing New Roots: The Housing Experiences of Racialized Newcomers in a Second -Tier Canadian City, Canadian Social Work – Special Issue on the Settlement and Integration of Newcomers to Canada

2011

Anucha, U. (2010) . Housed but Homeless? Negotiating Everyday Life in a Shared Housing Program for Homeless People, Families in Society – A Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 91(1), 67-75

2010

Dlamini, S. N., Wolfe, B., Anucha, U. & Yan, M. (2009) . Engaging the Canadian Diaspora, Youth Social Identities in a Canadian Border City, McGill Journal of Education, 44(3)

2009

Gorey KM, Luginaah IN, Schwartz KL, Fung, KY, Balagurusamy M, Bartfay E, Wright FC, Anucha U, Parsons RR (2009). “Increased racial group breast cancer care and survival differentials in America: Historical evidence consistent with a health insurance hypothesis, 1975 to 2001”. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 113:595-600

2009

Dlamini, S. N. & Anucha, U. (2009) . “Trans-nationalism, social identities and African youth in the Canadian diaspora”, Social Identities, Volume 15, Issue 2, pages 227 - 242

2009

Anucha, U. (2007) “Exploring a New Direction for Social Work Education and Training in Nigeria”, Social Work Education – The International Journal, 27 (3), 229 – 242.

2007

Anucha, U. (2006) . “When a Bed is Home: The Challenges and Paradoxes of Community Development in a Shared Housing Program for Homeless People”, Canadian Review of Social Policy – Special Edition on Canadian Homelessness. 58, 62 – 83.

2006

Anucha, U. (2005) . We are Not Just Rent Receipts: Housing, Neigbourhood, and Community Re-imagined by Formerly Homeless People. Canadian Social Work Review 22 (2), 188 – 209.

2005

Anucha, U. (2004) . Conceptualizing Homeless Exits and Returns: The Case for a Multidimensional Response to Episodic Homelessness. Critical Social Work, 6(1).

2004

Sylvestre, J., Trainor, J., Hopkins, M., Anucha, U., Ilves, P., and N. Ramsundar. (2001) . À propos de la stabilité du logement chez des personnes prises avec des troubles mentaux graves, 14 (2), 59 – 74.

2001

Dlamini, S. N. & Anucha, U. (Accepted) . Intergenerational Links and the Civic Participation of Youth from African Communities, Journal of Thought: A Journal of Critical Reflection on Educational Issues


Professional Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Anucha, U. (2008) . Building Equitable North-South Collaborations: The Social Work in Nigeria Project, e-MAGINED – Canadian e-Magazine of International Education, 1 (3)

2008

Anucha, U. (2004) . “Understanding Homelessness among Immigrants and Refugees”, OASW Newsmagazine – The Journal of the Ontario Association of Social Workers, 32

2004

Conference Papers

Publication
Year

Boswell, T. & Anucha, U. (2009) . “Comparative Profiles of Blacks in Canada and the United States”, Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Las Vegas

2009

Anucha, U., Flemming, J. & Leung, H. (2009) . Exits and Returns: An Exploratory Longitudinal Study of Homeless People in Windsor, Growing Home: Housing and Homelessness in Canada Conference, Calgary

2009

Anucha, U., Flemming, J. & Leung, H. (2009) . The Housing Situations of Immigrants and Refugees in Second-Tier Cities: A Case Study of Windsor-Essex County, Growing Home: Housing and Homelessness in Canada Conference, Calgary

2009

Jeyapal, D., Okolocha, C., Anucha, U., Razack, U. (2008) . "Building Equitable North-South Collaborations: Lessons from the Social Work in Nigeria Project", International Association of Schools of Social Work 34th Global Social Work Congress, Durban - South Africa.

2008

Anucha, U. (2008) . "Immigrant Status, Race and Gender: Intersecting Barriers to Housing", Workshop on Barriers to Housing, 10th National Metropolis Conference, Halifax.

2008

Yiu, L. & Anucha, U. (2008) . "Perception of Breast Health Practices among Ethno-Cultural Women", 5th World Conference on Breast Cancer, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

2008

Anucha, U., Kimber*, M. & Yiu, L. (2008) . “Promoting Access to Breast Health for Ethno-Cultural Women in an Underserved Health Area: Barriers, Facilitators and Best Practices”, Social Work National Conference, Toronto

2008

Kimber, M., Yiu, L., & Anucha, U. (2007) . “Breast Health Practice among African Women”, Poster Presentation at the Making Connections: A Canadian Cancer Research Conference, National Cancer Institute of Canada, Toronto.

2007

Anucha, U., Mitchell, C. (2007) “Community Engagement as a Methodological Practice: Lessons from a Community-University Research Project on Social Capital and Immigrant/Refugee Women”, Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work Annual Conference (in conjunction with CFHSS), University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.

2007

Anucha, U. (2007) . “Growing New Roots: The Housing Situations of Immigrants and Refugees in Windsor-Essex County”, Symposium on Newcomers, Housing and Homelessness, Metropolis, Toronto.

2007

Anucha, U. (2007) . “Poverty and Homelessness”, KM in the AM Knowledge Mobilization Breakfast, Knowledge Mobilization Unit and Human Services Planning Coalition of York Region, Markham.

2007

Yiu, L., Anucha, U. & Kimber, M. (2007) . “Promoting Breast Health Among Ethno-cultural Women in Windsor-Essex”, Making Connections: A Canadian Cancer Research Conference, National Cancer Institute of Canada, Toronto.

2007

Anucha, U., Mitchell, C. (2006) . “Engaging the Community to Understand the Housing Situations of Newcomers”, 8th National Metropolis Conference, Vancouver.

2006

Anucha U. & Medcalf, M. (2006) “Exits and Returns: A Longitudinal Study of Homeless People in Windsor”, Windsor-Essex County Homelessness and Housing Research Forum, Windsor.

2006

Anucha, U., Mitchell, C. & K. Bedeau. (2006) . The Apartment Was So Tight It Put Pressure on You: A Multi-Method Study of the Housing Conditions of Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City.

2006

Anucha, U. (2005) . “A Collaborative Needs Assessment of HIV/AIDS Services and Gaps for Women”, 51st Annual Conference of the Council for Social Work Education, New York City.

2005

Anucha, U. Medcalf, M. Bedeau*, K. & Ferron, T. (2005) “A Community- University Research Collaboration on Social Capital and the Welfare of Immigrant Women”, Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work Annual Conference (in conjunction with CFHSS), University of Western Ontario.

2005

Anucha, U., Obianwu, H., Smith, N. & Erondu, A*. (2005) . “An International Collaborative Needs Assessment of HIV/AIDS Services and Gaps for Young Women in Nigeria”, Ninth Annual Conference of the Society for Social Work and Research. Miami.

2005

Jean-Baptiste*, N. & Anucha, U. (2005) “Are Western HIV Prevention Strategies a Good Fit for Sub-Saharan African Women?”, The 6th Annual Feminist Research Group Conference, University of Windsor.

2005

Anucha, U., Medcalf, M., Bedeau, K., Ferron*, T & Ranu, K. (2005) “Growing New Roots: Home, Neighborhood, Community and Social Capital among New Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City”, Canadian Conference on Homelessness, York University.

2005

Jean-Baptiste, N., Anucha, U. & Luginaah, I. (2005) . "Sexual Coercion and HIV/AIDS among Young Nigerian Women”, American Psychological Association Annual Convention, Washington, DC.

2005

Anucha, U. (2005) “When Bed is Home: A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of ‘Hard to House’ Tenants in Shared Housing Programs”, Canadian Conference on Homelessness, York University.

2005

Anucha, U. (2004) “Conceptualizing Exits and Returns to Homelessness: A Multidimensional Model of Factors Associated with Episodic Homelessness”, International Sociological Association under the auspices of the Housing and the Built Environment Research Committee 43, Toronto.

2004

Anucha, U. (2004) “The Politics of Keeping Space: A Multi Method Study of the Housing Stability of Hard to House Persons”, Eight Annual Conference of the Society for Social Work and Research, New Orleans.

2004

Parsons, R. R., Gorey, K. M., Anucha, U. & Nakhaie, R. (2004) “Institutional racism and classism in health care: Meta-analytic evidence of their existence in America, but not in Canada”, 132nd annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

2004

Anucha, U. (2003) “Factors Associated With The Housing Stability Of ‘Hard To House’ People”, 29th Annual Harvey Stancer Research Day, University of Toronto.

2003

Zahraei, S.; Hopkins, M.; Anucha, U.; Ilves, P. & Trainor, J. (2003) “The Community Networking Assessment Tool”, 29th Annual Harvey Stancer Research Day, University of Toronto.

2003

Hopkins, M., Anucha, U., Ramsundar, N., Trainor, J. & Ilves, P. (2003) “Collaborating for Optimal Client Outcomes? A Qualitative Study of Client Perspectives of a Partnership Support Model for the Seriously Mentally Ill”, 29th Annual Harvey Stancer Research Day, University of Toronto.

2003

Anucha, U. (2003) “Where do they come from? Why do they leave? Where do they go? A study of tenant exits from housing for homeless people”, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation’s National Housing Research Committee’s working group meeting on homelessness, Ottawa

2003

Hopkins, M., Anucha, U., & Ramsundar, N. (2002) “Collaborating for Optimal Client Outcomes: An Evaluation of the Joint Community Support Team”, International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Toronto.

2002

Zahraei, S. & Anucha, U. (2003) “Working with Homeless Immigrants & Refugees with Mental Health Issues: Barriers, Gaps, Strategies and Resources”, Living on the Ragged Edge: Immigrants, Refugees and Homelessness Housing Forum, Toronto.

2002

Anucha, U. & Kwasi Kafele, P. (2001) “Planning for Inclusion: Lessons and Challenges from the Diversity Project of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health”, International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Houston Texas.

2001

Trainor, J., Anucha, U., Hopkins, M., Ilves, P., & Sylvestre, J. (2001) Building the Perfect Partnership: Lessons from Joint Ventures between a Psychiatric Hospital and Community Mental Health Agencies. International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Houston Texas

2001

Sylvestre, J.C., Trainor, J., Ilves, P., Hopkins, M., & Anucha, U. (2001) “The Conceptualization and Evaluation of Housing Stability”, International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Annual Conference, Houston Texas.

2001

Anucha, U. (2001) “Evaluating Social service programs”, Research Methods Course, School of Social Work, Ryerson Polytechnic University (Instructor: Miu C. Yan)

2001

Anucha, U. & Dempsey, D. (2000) “A Balancing Act – Strategies for Resolving Ethical Issues in Social Work Discharge Planning”, Ontario Medical Education Network, Toronto.

2000

Ilves, P., Anucha, U. & Hopkins, M. (1999) “Beyond Homelessness and Psychiatric Illness: Factors Associated with the Housing Stability of Psychiatric Consumers/Survivors”, Poster Presentation, Annual Congress of the Canadian Academy of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Toronto.

1999

Kimber, M., Anucha, U. & Yiu, L. (2008) . "Promoting Access to Breast Health for Ethno Cultural Women in an Underserved Health Area", 5th World Conference on Breast Cancer, Winnipeg, Manitoba.


Research Reports

Publication
Year

Anucha, U., Lovell, A., Flemming, J. & Leung, H.(2009). Growing New Roots in Second-Tier Cities: The Housing Situation of Newcomers in Windsor-Essex, ISBN 978-1-55014-515-1, The Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group, York University

2009

Anucha, U., Yiu, U., Smylie, L., Mitchell, C., Dlamini, S. N., Lewis, K. (2008) . "Does it Work? An Evaluation of a Breast Health Promotion Workshop for Ethno-Cultural Women", Research Bulletin #1, ISBN: 978-1-55014-493-2, Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group, York University.

2008

Anucha, U., U., Yiu, L., Dlamini, S. N., Mitchell, C., Jeyapal, D., Leung, H. & Kimber, M. (2008) ."Promoting Breast Health for Ethno-Cultural Women in Windsor-Essex County What Helps, What Hinders?" Research Bulletin #2, ISBN: 978-1-55014-494-9, Applied Social Welfare Research and Evaluation Group, York University.

2008

Anucha, U., Smylie, L., Mitchell, C. & Omorodion, F. (2007) . Exits and Returns: An Exploratory Longitudinal Study of Homeless People in Windsor-Essex County, Ottawa: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.

2007

Anucha, U., Dlamini, S. N., Yan, M. C. & L. Smylie. (2006) Capital social et bien-être des immigrantes: étude multidimensionnelle auprès de quatre communautés ethniques de Windsor. ISBN 978-0-662-73134-4 Nº de cat. SW21-152/2006F-PDF

2006

Anucha, U., Dlamini, S. N., Yan, M. C. & Smylie, L. (2006) . “Social Capital and the Welfare of Immigrant Women: A Multi-level Study of Four Ethnic Communities”, 145p. Ottawa: Status of Women Canada ISBN 978-0-662-44720-7 Cat. No. SW21-152/2006E-PDF.

2006

Anucha, U. (2003) “Where do they come from? Why do they leave? Where do they go? A study of tenant exits from housing for homeless people”, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation’s National Housing Research Committee’s working group meeting on homelessness, Ottawa.

2003

Public Lectures

Publication
Year

Razack, N., Anucha, U., Miadonye, I., & Okeke, P. L. (2008) . "Collaborative Research and Indigenizing Knowledge: Building Equitable North-South Partnerships', The Global South and Internationalization Symposium, York University.

2008

Anucha, U. (2007) “Race, Gender and Social Capital”, Centre for Refugee Studies, York University.

2007

Anucha, U. (2007) . “The Importance of Educational Transformation for Social Work Education”, Opening Remarks at the International Symposium, in conjunction with the International Association of Schools of Social Work and the International Affairs Committee, CASSW.

2007

Anucha, U., Wilkinson, U. & Friesen, S. (2006) “Homelessness in Rural Areas: Patterns, Causes, and Best Practices for Program Delivery”, Windsor-Essex County Homelessness and Housing Research Forum, Windsor.

2006

Anucha, U. & Mitchell, C. (2006) . “The 'Housing Situations' of Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City”, Public Seminar, Joint Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement, University of Toronto.

2006

Anucha, U. (2006) “Growing New Roots: The Housing Situations of Immigrants and Refugees in Windsor-Essex County”, Symposium on Newcomers, Housing and Homelessness, Metropolis, Toronto

2006

Anucha, U. (2005) “Understanding Hidden Homelessness among Newcomer Canadians”, Canadian Council on Refugees Fall Consultation, London.

2005

Anucha, U. (2005) “Responding to Homelessness: Challenges and Solutions”, Social Justice InAction Community Discussion, Centre for Studies in Social Justice, University of Windsor and Windsor Public Library.

2005

Anucha, U. (2005) “A Community-University Research Collaboration on Homelessness among Immigrants and Refugees in a Border City”, Lunch on Campus: Home at Last?, Recent Newcomers and Homelessness in Canada, National Secretariat on Homelessness and Metropolis Project, Canadian Federation of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Western Ontario.

2005

Anucha, U. & Roberts, P. (2000) “Planning for Inclusion: Lessons and Challenges from the Diversity Project of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health”, Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, MSW Orientation Day.

2000



Upcoming Courses

Term Course Number Section Title Type
Fall 2019 AP/SOWK4130 3.0 A Social Work with Immigrants and Refugees LECT
Fall 2019 GS/SOWK7020 3.0 A Seminar on Research Design & Methodology SEMR