kherajs


Sean R Kheraj

Photo of Sean R Kheraj

Department of History

Associate Professor

Office: Vari Hall, 2124
Phone: (416)736-2100 Ext: 30421
Email: kherajs@yorku.ca
Primary website: http://www.seankheraj.com

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I am an associate professor of Canadian and environmental history in the Department of History at York University.

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I am an associate professor of Canadian and environmental history in the Department of History at York University in Toronto, Ontario. I am also director and editor-in-chief of the Network in Canadian History and Environment where I host and produce Nature's Past: Canadian Environmental History Podcast. These are my current research areas:


Oil Pipelines and Canadian History

http://www.seankheraj.com

My current research looks at the social and environmental consequences of the development and operation of oil pipelines in Canada. I have started with preliminary work on the history of oil pipeline spills in Canada. This project will provide a quantitative history of the transportation of liquid hydrocarbons via pipeline since 1949. It will also explore the historical social, economic, and environmental consequences of on-shore oil spills in Canada. Readers can follow this project through my online articles here.


Animals and Urban Environments

http://www.seankheraj.com

I am also conducting research on the historical interrelationship among humans, non-human animals, and urbanization in Canada. Canadians built their major cities in the nineteenth century with animals in mind. They were places intended to facilitate symbiosis between people and their domestic animals and exclude wild animals. During the twentieth century, Canadians worked to extirpate most of their domestic animals from the urban environment (except for those used for pleasure or companionship). My research aims to understand how these historical changes in urban human-animal relations transformed cities and changed human ideas about their relationship with non-human nature.


Ecological Imperialism

I am beginning work on a new research project that will examine the social and ecological consequences of the transfer of biota from the Old World to North America and the history of European colonization and biological expansion in Western Canada through a case study of the Red River colony. European colonization of Western Canada was dependent upon the transfer and propagation of plants, animals, and microbes from the eastern hemisphere. These invasive species were vital partners in European expansion in North America and facilitated substantial ecological transformations. This project has the potential to expand our knowledge of how human societies have responded and adapted to swift, fundamental ecological changes related to the introduction of invasive species.


Parks and Conservation

My prior research explored historical conservation and parks policy to understand the role that people have played in creating protected natural spaces in Canada. In particular, my work on parks focuses on the interactions between human expectations of idealized wilderness and the volatile and unpredictable condition of complex ecosystems.

I am the author of the book, Inventing Stanley Park: An Environmental History. This book explores the changing relationship between humans and a relatively small peninsula on the Northwest Coast of North America that became a world-renowned urban park in the late nineteenth century. The book covers the long history of Vancouver's Stanley Park from its deep geological past to the present, from its original occupancy by Coast Salish First Nations to its resettlement by European and Asian colonists to its transformation into an urban park. This book is now available for purchase from UBC Press and on Google Play. You can read a preview chapter from the book here [PDF].

inventingstanleyparkcover


ubcpressbuttonGet it on Google Play

 

I have also published several peer-reviewed scholarly articles and book chapters in edited collections:

“The Great Epizootic of 1872-73: Networks of Animal Disease in North American Urban Environments” Environmental History, 23, no. 3 (July 2018): 1-27.

“How Canadian Used to Live with Livestock in Cities” in Calgary: City of Animals. Ed. Jim Ellis. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 1-9.

“Epilogue: Why Animals Matter in Urban History, or Why Cities Matter in Animal History” in Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada. Eds. Joanna Dean, Darcy Ingram, and Christabelle Sethna. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 309-323.

With K. Jan Oosthoek. “Online Digital Communication, Networking, and Environmental History” in Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research. Eds. Jocelyn Thorpe, Stephanie Rutherford, and L. Anders Sandberg. London: Routledge, 2017. Pgs. 233-247.

“Urban Environments and the Animal Nuisance: Domestic Livestock Regulation in Nineteenth-Century Canadian Cities” Urban History Review/Revue d'histoire urbaine 44, no. 1-2 (Fall/Spring 2015/2016): 37-55.

“Animals and Urban Environments: Managing Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Winnipeg” in Eco-Cultural Networks and the British Empire: New Views on Environmental History. Eds. James Beattie, Edward Melillo, and Emily O’Gorman. London: Bloomsbury, 2015. Pgs. 263-288.

“Scholarship and Environmentalism: The Influence of Environmental Advocacy on Canadian Environmental History” Acadiensis 43, no. 1 (Winter/Spring 2014): 195-206.

“Borders and Ideas of Nature: Intersections in the Environmental Histories of Canada and the United States” Canadian Historical Review 95, no. 4 (2014): 604-609.

“Living and Working with Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Toronto” in Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region, edited by L. Anders Sandberg, Stephen Bocking, Colin Coates, and Ken Cruikshank, 120-140. Hamilton: L.R. Wilson Institute for Canadian History, 2013.

“Demonstration Wildlife: Negotiating the Animal Landscape of Vancouver’s Stanley Park, 1888-1996” Environment and History, 18 (4) 2012: 497-527. Full Text (with subscription)

“Improving Nature: Remaking Stanley Park’s Forest, 1888-1931” BC Studies (158) 2008: 63-90.

“Restoring Nature: Ecology, Memory, and the Storm History of Vancouver’s Stanley Park” Canadian Historical Review 88 (4) 2007: 577-612. (Awarded the 2007 Canadian Historical Review Prize for best article of the year).

NP Logo 1200x1200 12 July 2016

I am the producer and host of a monthly podcast on the environmental history community in Canada called Nature's Past. New episodes are available every month through the website and iTunes. I am also a regular contributor for Activehistory.ca and The Otter~La loutre.

For my complete CV, click here.

Contact me at kherajs@yorku.ca

Degrees

PhD, York University
MA, York University
BA (Hons), University of British Columbia

Professional Leadership

Director/Editor-in-Chief, Network in Canadian History and Environment website (2014-present)

Councillor, Canadian Historical Association (2017-2020)

History Steward, York University Faculty Association (2018-2021)

Board Member, Heritage Toronto (2015-present)

Research Interests

History , Environment, Energy, Cities, Animals
Books

Publication
Year

Kheraj, Sean. Inventing Stanley Park: An Environmental History. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2013.

2013

Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Kheraj, Sean. “Epilogue: Why Animals Matter in Urban History, or Why Cities Matter in Animal History” in Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada. Eds. Joanna Dean, Darcy Ingram, and Christabelle Sethna. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 309-323.

2017

Kheraj, Sean. “How Canadian Used to Live with Livestock in Cities” in Calgary: City of Animals. Ed. Jim Ellis. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 1-9.

2017

Kheraj, Sean and K. Jan Oosthoek. “Online Digital Communication, Networking, and Environmental History” in Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research. Eds. Jocelyn Thorpe, Stephanie Rutherford, and L. Anders Sandberg. London: Routledge, 2017. Pgs. 233-247.

2017

Kheraj, Sean. “Animals and Urban Environments: Managing Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Winnipeg” in Eco-Cultural Networks and the British Empire: New Views on Environmental History. Eds. James Beattie, Edward Melillo, and Emily O’Gorman. London: Bloomsbury, 2015. Pgs. 263-288.

2015

Kheraj, Sean. “Living and Working with Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Toronto” in Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region, edited by L. Anders Sandberg, Stephen Bocking, Colin Coates, and Ken Cruikshank, 120-140. Hamilton: L.R. Wilson Institute for Canadian History, 2013.

2013

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Kheraj, Sean. “The Great Epizootic of 1872-73: Networks of Animal Disease in North American Urban Environments” Environmental History, 23, no. 3 (July 2018): 495-521.

2018

Kheraj, Sean. “Urban Environments and the Animal Nuisance: Domestic Livestock Regulation in Nineteenth-Century Canadian Cities” Urban History Review/Revue d’histoire urbaine 44, no. 1-2 (Fall/Spring 2015/2016): 37-55.

2016

Kheraj, Sean. “Demonstration Wildlife: Negotiating the Animal Landscape of Vancouver’s Stanley Park, 1888-1996” Environment and History, 18 (4) 2012: 497-527.  Reprinted in Themes in Environmental History: Animals. Ed. Sarah Johnson. Cambridge, UK: White Horse Press, 2014. Pgs. 293-322.

2012
2008

Kheraj, Sean. “Restoring Nature: Ecology, Memory, and the Storm History of Vancouver’s Stanley Park” Canadian Historical Review 88 (4) 2007: 577-612.

2007

Kheraj, Sean. “Plaque Build-up: Commemorating the Buxton Settlement, 1950-2000” Problématique: Journal of Political Studies (9) 2003: 5-21.

2003

Research Reports

Publication
Year

“Historical Background Report: Trans Mountain Pipeline, 1947-2013” prepared for the City of Vancouver as evidence for National Energy Board hearings on proposed Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion, May 2015.

2015

“Historical Overview of Stanley Park” in State of the Park Report for the Ecological Integrity of Stanley Park. Vancouver: Stanley Park Ecology Society, 2010.

2010

Other

Publication
Year

Approach to Teaching


You can find my full teaching profile here.




I am an associate professor of Canadian and environmental history in the Department of History at York University.

I am an associate professor of Canadian and environmental history in the Department of History at York University in Toronto, Ontario. I am also director and editor-in-chief of the Network in Canadian History and Environment where I host and produce Nature's Past: Canadian Environmental History Podcast. These are my current research areas:


Oil Pipelines and Canadian History

http://www.seankheraj.com

My current research looks at the social and environmental consequences of the development and operation of oil pipelines in Canada. I have started with preliminary work on the history of oil pipeline spills in Canada. This project will provide a quantitative history of the transportation of liquid hydrocarbons via pipeline since 1949. It will also explore the historical social, economic, and environmental consequences of on-shore oil spills in Canada. Readers can follow this project through my online articles here.


Animals and Urban Environments

http://www.seankheraj.com

I am also conducting research on the historical interrelationship among humans, non-human animals, and urbanization in Canada. Canadians built their major cities in the nineteenth century with animals in mind. They were places intended to facilitate symbiosis between people and their domestic animals and exclude wild animals. During the twentieth century, Canadians worked to extirpate most of their domestic animals from the urban environment (except for those used for pleasure or companionship). My research aims to understand how these historical changes in urban human-animal relations transformed cities and changed human ideas about their relationship with non-human nature.


Ecological Imperialism

I am beginning work on a new research project that will examine the social and ecological consequences of the transfer of biota from the Old World to North America and the history of European colonization and biological expansion in Western Canada through a case study of the Red River colony. European colonization of Western Canada was dependent upon the transfer and propagation of plants, animals, and microbes from the eastern hemisphere. These invasive species were vital partners in European expansion in North America and facilitated substantial ecological transformations. This project has the potential to expand our knowledge of how human societies have responded and adapted to swift, fundamental ecological changes related to the introduction of invasive species.


Parks and Conservation

My prior research explored historical conservation and parks policy to understand the role that people have played in creating protected natural spaces in Canada. In particular, my work on parks focuses on the interactions between human expectations of idealized wilderness and the volatile and unpredictable condition of complex ecosystems.

I am the author of the book, Inventing Stanley Park: An Environmental History. This book explores the changing relationship between humans and a relatively small peninsula on the Northwest Coast of North America that became a world-renowned urban park in the late nineteenth century. The book covers the long history of Vancouver's Stanley Park from its deep geological past to the present, from its original occupancy by Coast Salish First Nations to its resettlement by European and Asian colonists to its transformation into an urban park. This book is now available for purchase from UBC Press and on Google Play. You can read a preview chapter from the book here [PDF].

inventingstanleyparkcover


ubcpressbuttonGet it on Google Play

 

I have also published several peer-reviewed scholarly articles and book chapters in edited collections:

“The Great Epizootic of 1872-73: Networks of Animal Disease in North American Urban Environments” Environmental History, 23, no. 3 (July 2018): 1-27.

“How Canadian Used to Live with Livestock in Cities” in Calgary: City of Animals. Ed. Jim Ellis. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 1-9.

“Epilogue: Why Animals Matter in Urban History, or Why Cities Matter in Animal History” in Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada. Eds. Joanna Dean, Darcy Ingram, and Christabelle Sethna. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 309-323.

With K. Jan Oosthoek. “Online Digital Communication, Networking, and Environmental History” in Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research. Eds. Jocelyn Thorpe, Stephanie Rutherford, and L. Anders Sandberg. London: Routledge, 2017. Pgs. 233-247.

“Urban Environments and the Animal Nuisance: Domestic Livestock Regulation in Nineteenth-Century Canadian Cities” Urban History Review/Revue d'histoire urbaine 44, no. 1-2 (Fall/Spring 2015/2016): 37-55.

“Animals and Urban Environments: Managing Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Winnipeg” in Eco-Cultural Networks and the British Empire: New Views on Environmental History. Eds. James Beattie, Edward Melillo, and Emily O’Gorman. London: Bloomsbury, 2015. Pgs. 263-288.

“Scholarship and Environmentalism: The Influence of Environmental Advocacy on Canadian Environmental History” Acadiensis 43, no. 1 (Winter/Spring 2014): 195-206.

“Borders and Ideas of Nature: Intersections in the Environmental Histories of Canada and the United States” Canadian Historical Review 95, no. 4 (2014): 604-609.

“Living and Working with Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Toronto” in Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region, edited by L. Anders Sandberg, Stephen Bocking, Colin Coates, and Ken Cruikshank, 120-140. Hamilton: L.R. Wilson Institute for Canadian History, 2013.

“Demonstration Wildlife: Negotiating the Animal Landscape of Vancouver’s Stanley Park, 1888-1996” Environment and History, 18 (4) 2012: 497-527. Full Text (with subscription)

“Improving Nature: Remaking Stanley Park’s Forest, 1888-1931” BC Studies (158) 2008: 63-90.

“Restoring Nature: Ecology, Memory, and the Storm History of Vancouver’s Stanley Park” Canadian Historical Review 88 (4) 2007: 577-612. (Awarded the 2007 Canadian Historical Review Prize for best article of the year).

NP Logo 1200x1200 12 July 2016

I am the producer and host of a monthly podcast on the environmental history community in Canada called Nature's Past. New episodes are available every month through the website and iTunes. I am also a regular contributor for Activehistory.ca and The Otter~La loutre.

For my complete CV, click here.

Contact me at kherajs@yorku.ca

Degrees

PhD, York University
MA, York University
BA (Hons), University of British Columbia

Professional Leadership

Director/Editor-in-Chief, Network in Canadian History and Environment website (2014-present)

Councillor, Canadian Historical Association (2017-2020)

History Steward, York University Faculty Association (2018-2021)

Board Member, Heritage Toronto (2015-present)

Research Interests

History , Environment, Energy, Cities, Animals

All Publications


Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Kheraj, Sean. “Epilogue: Why Animals Matter in Urban History, or Why Cities Matter in Animal History” in Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada. Eds. Joanna Dean, Darcy Ingram, and Christabelle Sethna. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 309-323.

2017

Kheraj, Sean. “How Canadian Used to Live with Livestock in Cities” in Calgary: City of Animals. Ed. Jim Ellis. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017. Pgs. 1-9.

2017

Kheraj, Sean and K. Jan Oosthoek. “Online Digital Communication, Networking, and Environmental History” in Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research. Eds. Jocelyn Thorpe, Stephanie Rutherford, and L. Anders Sandberg. London: Routledge, 2017. Pgs. 233-247.

2017

Kheraj, Sean. “Animals and Urban Environments: Managing Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Winnipeg” in Eco-Cultural Networks and the British Empire: New Views on Environmental History. Eds. James Beattie, Edward Melillo, and Emily O’Gorman. London: Bloomsbury, 2015. Pgs. 263-288.

2015

Kheraj, Sean. “Living and Working with Domestic Animals in Nineteenth-Century Toronto” in Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region, edited by L. Anders Sandberg, Stephen Bocking, Colin Coates, and Ken Cruikshank, 120-140. Hamilton: L.R. Wilson Institute for Canadian History, 2013.

2013

Books

Publication
Year

Kheraj, Sean. Inventing Stanley Park: An Environmental History. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2013.

2013

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Kheraj, Sean. “The Great Epizootic of 1872-73: Networks of Animal Disease in North American Urban Environments” Environmental History, 23, no. 3 (July 2018): 495-521.

2018

Kheraj, Sean. “Urban Environments and the Animal Nuisance: Domestic Livestock Regulation in Nineteenth-Century Canadian Cities” Urban History Review/Revue d’histoire urbaine 44, no. 1-2 (Fall/Spring 2015/2016): 37-55.

2016

Kheraj, Sean. “Demonstration Wildlife: Negotiating the Animal Landscape of Vancouver’s Stanley Park, 1888-1996” Environment and History, 18 (4) 2012: 497-527.  Reprinted in Themes in Environmental History: Animals. Ed. Sarah Johnson. Cambridge, UK: White Horse Press, 2014. Pgs. 293-322.

2012
2008

Kheraj, Sean. “Restoring Nature: Ecology, Memory, and the Storm History of Vancouver’s Stanley Park” Canadian Historical Review 88 (4) 2007: 577-612.

2007

Kheraj, Sean. “Plaque Build-up: Commemorating the Buxton Settlement, 1950-2000” Problématique: Journal of Political Studies (9) 2003: 5-21.

2003

Research Reports

Publication
Year

“Historical Background Report: Trans Mountain Pipeline, 1947-2013” prepared for the City of Vancouver as evidence for National Energy Board hearings on proposed Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion, May 2015.

2015

“Historical Overview of Stanley Park” in State of the Park Report for the Ecological Integrity of Stanley Park. Vancouver: Stanley Park Ecology Society, 2010.

2010

Other

Publication
Year

Approach to Teaching


You can find my full teaching profile here.