lfoster


Lorne Foster

Photo of Lorne Foster

School of Public Policy and Administration

Professor
Director, Institute for Social Research (ISR)
York Research Chair in Black Canadian Studies & Human Rights (Tier 1)

Office: 5054 Victor Phillip Dahdaleh Bldg.
Phone: 416-736-2100 Ext: 44661
Email: lfoster@yorku.ca
Primary website: http://www.yorku.ca/lfoster
Secondary website: Institute for Social Research (ISR)

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Lorne Foster is Professor, School of Public Policy & Administration (SPPA). He holds the York Research Chair in Black Canadian Studies & Human Rights (Tier 1). As the Director of the Institute for Social Research (ISR), Dr. Foster oversees the leading university-based survey research centre in Canada. He is past Academic Director, Statistics Canada Research Data Centre (RDC); and the inaugural Chair, Race Inclusion and Supportive Environments (RISE). In his university service, he currently serves as the Chair of the Community Safety Council (CSC); and is a member of the President’s Advisory Committee on Human Rights (PACHR). Dr. Foster is also the Director of the Diversity & Human Rights Certificate (DHRC), which he established in partnership with the Human Resources Professional Association (HRPA). This initiative is the first academic-industry partnership sponsored by a regulatory organization.

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Today, as a member of the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies (LA&PS), Dr. Foster’s work on public policy formation and scholarship on the human rights approach to inclusive organizational change ranks among the best in its field and has consistently opened doors to new scholarly explorations through a synergistic laboratory of academic-industry collaborations. His pedagogical achievements include curricular selection as an original and active member of the Black Canadian Studies Certificate, introducing a more diverse curriculum to the University’s multicultural student body. In 2019, he was honoured with the creation of the eponymous graduate studies Foster-Greene Award for Excellence in Public Policy, Administration and Law — “the commemorative MPPAL Alumni Award named after the program’s two inaugural Directors — Professors Ian Greene and Lorne Foster — who were instrumental to the program’s success.”

A critical part of Dr. Foster’s work is public engagement and building relationships beyond the traditional scope of academia, with the mission of informing public debate, equity policies, and inclusive practice. His major knowledge mobilization research initiatives in the last 10 years include:

(1) In 2021, he became an External Expert Consultant for the Toronto Police Service (TPS) Race and Identity-Based Data Collection Strategy (2021–2022) — reviewing the TPS’ Use of Force data and practices.
(2) In 2021, he became the Co-Principal Investigator for the Peel Regional Police (PRP) Human Rights-Based Race Data Collection Strategy (2021–2024) — examining the full range of Peel police-civilian interactions, for the fifth largest jurisdiction in Canada.
(3) In 2019, he became Principal Investigator of a major SSHRC Partnership Development Grant (2019–2022) grant for a project on “Blackness in Canada” — research examining Black Canadian identity, practice, and experiences with the intent to build networks aimed at equity policy development, implementation and outcomes.
(4) He also served as the Co-Principal Investigator for the Ottawa Police Service (OPS) Traffic Stop Race-Based Data Collection Project (2016–2019) — comparative research analysis of three years of race data collected by Ottawa Police following the landmark 2013–2015 “racial profiling” study in Ottawa.
(5) In 2018, he co-led a whole-of-government review of the Discrimination and Harassment Prevention (WDHP) Program and the Respectful Workplace Policy (RWP) for the Cabinet Office, Ontario Public Service.
(6) In 2017–2018, he was one of three expert consultants for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD) and the Government of Ontario on the Anti-Racism Act, which came into force in the province on June 1, 2017 — assisting in the development of the province’s first Race Data Standard as well as the procedural regulations for the collection, use, and management of race-related data in Ontario.
(7) In 2017–2018, Dr. Foster was an expert consultant for the Independent Street Check (Carding) Review conducted by the Honourable Mr. Justice Michael H. Tulloch.
(8) In 2017, he also co-led human rights training for all Principals and Managers in the York Region District School Board (YRDSB) — the province’s third largest school board, with an enrollment of over 122,000 students.
(9) In 2016, he was the co-lead academic organizer for the Racial Profiling Policy Dialogue, in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) and the Institute for Social Research (ISR).
(10) In 2015–2016, he was the Co-Principal Investigator for the Windsor Police Service’ (WPS) “Human Rights Evaluation Project,” conducting a human rights review and assessment of all WPS policies.
(11) From 2013–2016, he led the York University Research Team in conducting the Ottawa Police Service’ (OPS) Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP), the largest race-based data collection study in Canadian policing history.
(12) In 2010–2016, Dr. Foster was a Canada Research Team Member for the SSHRC Major Collaborative Research Initiative Asia Pacific Dispute Resolution Project, housed at the Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia (2003–2016) — centred on the dynamic relationship between international trade and human rights law in Pacific Rim countries.
(13) In 2010–2011, he was the co-lead academic organizer for the first Canada-China Forum on International Labour Relations and Employment Standards, in Beijing China.
(14) In 2010, he also partnered with the OHRC and Canadian Race Relations Foundation (CRRF) in conjunction with Canadian Coalition of Municipalities Against Racism and Discrimination (locally called CCMARD) — to develop and publish an inventory of “best practice” tools that is now used as a standard for municipalities to combat racism across the province.
(15) In 2009–2012, he was the co-lead academic organizer for the Competing Human Rights Dialogue in partnership with the OHRC, which culminated in the development of the first competing rights policy by any commission in the world.

His current research focus is on human rights and public policy linkages as they relate to the areas of race and ethnicity.

Degrees

Ph.D. Sociology, York University

Professional Leadership

• Director, Institute for Social Research • Director, Diversity & Human Rights Certificate • Chair, Community Safety Council • Director, Master of Public Policy, Administration and Law, 2009–2013 • Adjunct Scholar, Multicultural History Society of Ontario, U of T • Member, Institute of Public Administration of Canada (IPAC) • Fellow of McLaughlin College, York University • Affiliate Member, CERIS — The Ontario Metropolis Centre • Affiliated Faculty, Centre For Refugee Studies • Member, Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association • Member, Centre for Public Policy and Law • Member, Centre for Practical Ethics

Community Contributions

Adjudication Panel — Morley S. Wolfe Anti-Racism Youth Book Competition from 2006 to 2008. The youth book awards are an annual event sponsored by Toronto Residents in Partnership promoting anti-racism and anti-discrimination in public schools.

African Cultural Advisory Board, Toronto Zoo from 2005 to 2010. The Advisory Board provides community overview for the African Cultural Program at Canada’s premier zoo, known for its interactive education, conservation activities, and unique wildlife experience. The Board’s mandate is to inspire people through cultural expression to live in ways that promote the well-being of the natural world.

Multiculturalism in Action Youth Project from 2004 to 2008. Multiculturalism in Action is an acclaimed education program for public schools that is designed to teach school children aged 6 to 12 about issues relating to multiculturalism and tolerance through puppetry. The success of the project, in the initial pilot project for the Toronto District School Board, has led to the development of national outreach.

Ethno-Racial Coalition and Social Action Committee (ERCSA) from 2003 to 2005. ERCSA is a multi-ethnic and multi-racial organization dedicated to the enhancement of multiculturalism and economic inclusion in society and community capacity building. ERCSA is engaged in public education forums, business mentoring, and youth leadership development projects in minority and inner-city communities.

Canadians Against Slavery and Torture (CAST) from 2003 to 2013. CAST is a community coalition and campaign that is dedicated to public education. CAST acts as political lobby against the existence of slavery in the Sudan and torture in the global society.

Toronto Residents in Partnership (TRIP) from 2002 to 2010. TRIP is a not-for-profit corporation (successor to the North York Committee on Community, Race and Ethnic Relations), mandated to promote racial harmony and understanding through programs in the areas of community development, education, and police services.

Director for the Concerned Kids Charities of Toronto (Communication through Puppetry) from 2002 to 2006. As a member of the Board of Directors, I oversee the organizational commitment to public awareness and education for primary and secondary school children in various anti-discrimination programs.

Blacks & Jews in Dialogue (BJD) of the League for Human Rights from 1999 to 2004. The League for Human Rights was a finalist for the 2001 Canadian Race Relations Foundation Award of Excellence. BJD’s goal is to build community partnerships and to strengthen existing alliances within communities. Its mandate is to promote better understanding of cultural diversity, particularly among youth. It also provides a manual containing models of programming for Black and Jewish communities across the country, which can be adapted for other joint community dialogues and initiatives.

Taking Action Against Hate Project, League for Human Rights from 2001 to 2004. I help conduct public education and awareness workshops for school districts, law enforcement organizations, and community and professional associations focusing on hate and hate crimes in a human rights context. I have also been instrumental in launching a training manual entitled “Taking Action Against Hate” that has become a standard resource for governmental and non-governmental organizations in the field of anti-discrimination work.

Member, Urban Alliance on Race Relations (UARR) from 1986 to 2000. The UARR is a non-profit charitable organization consisting of and engaged in seminars and conferences on race relations concerns. The UARR works with Boards of Education to develop and implement policies and programs, and it works with police to improve relations with minority racial communities.

Research Interests

Multiculturalism , Race and Racism, Political Economy, Youth, Public Policy Analysis, Public Policy Formation & Human Rights
  • York Research Chair (Tier 1) Award - 2021
  • The Foster-Greene Award for Excellence in Public Policy, Administration and Law “the commemorative MPPAL Alumni Award named after the program’s two inaugural Directors — Professors Ian Greene and Lorne Foster – who were instrumental to the program’s success.” - 2019
  • Dean’s Letter of Acknowledgement of Research Achievements - 2019

Current Research Projects

Waterloo Regional Police Human Rights-Based Data Collection Strategy

    Summary:

    The development of a human rights-based data collection system that ensures privacy, involvement of affected communities, and limits the use of the data to human rights-related purposes only, for the advancement of community safety and well-being; and to utilize said data with a view to eliminating systemic racism in the delivery of services in policing, promoting transparency and accountability, and enhancing Black, and other racialized and Indigenous communities’ trust in policing throughout the Waterloo Region.

    Description:

    Academic partner in the development and application of a Waterloo Regional Police Service (WRPS) Race-Based Data (RBD) Collection Strategy. This RBD Collection Strategy requires open, transparent, and accountable methods and methodology, developed by experienced academics in consultation with experienced stakeholders, the residents of the Waterloo Region, and Service members who will provide important operational context to the analysis.

    See more
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2022

    End Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2025

    Funders:
    Waterloo Regional Police
York Regional Police Anti-Racism Training Program

    Summary:

    This project involves the the development, roll-out and train-the-trainer of an anti-racism training program for the York Region Police Service (YRP).

    Description:

    The Deliverables include but not be limited to the following:
    (a) developing an anti-racism training program for all YRP members; and
    (b) to provide program sustainability, the anti-racism training program developed must include a component that provides for a train-the-trainer and mentorship for YRP’s Training and Education Bureau.

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    Role: Managing Director

    Start Date:
      Month: Aug   Year: 2022

    End Date:
      Month: Aug   Year: 2023

    Collaborator: Shaheen Azmi
    Collaborator Role: Project Lead

    Funders:
    York Regional Police and Board
Peel Regional Police Traffic Stop Race-Based Data Collection Strategy

    Summary:

    The Peel Regional Police (PRP) project examines the full range of police-civilian interactions, including stop and question activities, charges, arrests, releases, and use of force.

    Description:

    The objective of the PRP project is to develop a human rights-based data collection system that ensures privacy, involvement of affected communities, and limits the use of the data to human rights-related purposes only, for the advancement of community safety and well-being; and to utilize said data with a view to eliminating systemic racism in the delivery of police services, promoting transparency and accountability, and enhancing Black, and other racialized and Indigenous communities’ trust in policing throughout the Region of Peel.

    See more
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2021

    End Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2024

    Funders:
    Peel Regional Police
An Examination of Racial Disparities in Use of Force and Strip Searches in the Toronto Police Service

    Summary:

    In 2019, the Toronto Police Services Board (TPSB) approved the Race-Based Data Collection, Analysis and Public Reporting Policy (Policy) to identify, monitor, and address systemic racial disparities in policing. The Policy builds on Ontario’s Data Standards and was guided by recommendations of its Anti-Racism Advisory Panel (ARAP). In alignment with the provincial Standards, the purposes of the Policy are to:
    • use race-based data collection, analysis, and public reporting to identify, monitor, and eliminate potential systemic racism and racial bias;
    • improve the delivery of police services;
    • preserve the dignity of individuals and communities; and
    • enhance trend analysis, professional development, and public accountability.

    Employing a phased approach, the Toronto Police Service (TPS) will examine race data collected as of January 1, 2020 for two interactions: Use of Force (as per the Province’s regulation) and Strip Searches (in response to findings in Breaking the Golden Rule: A Review of Police Strip Searches in Ontario, 2019 (Office of the Independent Police Review Director, OIPRD).

    Description:

    The TPS has retained the services of Dr. Lorne Foster and Dr. Les Jacobs as external independent experts to provide the examination of the TPS’ analysis and findings specified by the Phase 1 data analysis, specific to Use of Force and Strip Searches collected over a period of one year beginning January 1, 2020. The contract includes three activities:
    1. an examination of the TPS’ analysis and findings;
    2. recommendations to improve the collection, analysis, interpretation, and/or reporting of Phase 1 data; and
    3. recommendations regarding methods and approaches (including qualitative data collection) towards the development of action plans.

    See more
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jul   Year: 2021

    End Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2022

    Funders:
    Toronto Police Services Board, Toronto Police Service
Ottawa Police Service Use of Force Report 2020 External Review

    Summary:

    This study focuses on a twelve-month period when race data collection was being introduced into Use of Force (UFR) Reports for Ontario Police Services. An important broad objective of this analysis is the determination of whether there were any disproportionately high incidences of racialized subjects in UFR Incidents involving the Ottawa Police Service during 2020.

    Description:

    The 2020 Use of Force (UFR) Report introduced race as a primary unit of analysis for Ontario Police Services in broad alignment with the Race Data Standards set out in The Anti-Racism Act, 2017, which frames the modern obligation of eliminating systemic racism and advancing social equity in our public sector institutions.

    Professors Lorne Foster and Les Jacobs, who have a long record of expertise working with police services in Canada, were contracted to identify and analyze any racial disparities and the variances in outcomes for different groups in the City of Ottawa pertaining to UFR incidents involving the OPS

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    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2020

    End Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2022

    Collaborator: Les Jacobs
    Funders:
    Ottawa Police Service and Board
Blackness in Canada: Transforming the Nature and Not Just the Face of Social Science Research

    Summary:

    The “Blackness in Canada” research project examines Black Canadian identity, practice, and experiences with the intent of building networks aimed at equity policy development, implementation, and outcomes.

    Description:

    The research has four objectives: (1) to investigate the Black Canadian population as a national ethno-racial identity; (2) to investigate how the experiences of Black Canadians are shaped by intersecting social, political, and economic factors; (3) to determine the most promising approaches to alleviate anti-Black racism as experienced by them; and, (4) to create a framework for a comprehensive policy network to adapt to Black community issues using a holistic approach.

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    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Apr   Year: 2019

    End Date:
      Month: Apr   Year: 2022

    Funders:
    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Ontario Public Service Review of the Workplace Discrimination and Harassment Prevention Program and Related Components of the Respectful Workplace Policy

    Summary:

    This project involves a whole-of-government program evaluation on behalf of the Cabinet Office and the Government of Ontario of the Workplace Discrimination and Harassment Prevention (WDHP) Program and related components of the Respectful Workplace Policy (RWP).

    Description:

    The purpose of the whole-of-government review of the WDHP Program and related components of the RWP through an intersectional anti-racism perspective (with particular attention to anti-Indigenous and anti-Black racisms) are twofold:
    1. assess the extent to which the current policy and complaint process are addressing and meeting the concerns of Indigenous, Black, and racialized employees and identify any patterns or trends in the processing of race-based complaints; and
    2. make recommendations on what improvements are needed to the WDHP Program and related components of the RWP, including how direct, indirect, and systemic race-based discrimination issues can be identified, monitored, and resolved.

    See more
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2017

    End Date:
      Month: Jun   Year: 2018

    Funders:
    Anti-Racism Directorate, Government of Ontario
Anti-Racism Directorate and the Government of Ontario Anti-Racism Act

    Summary:

    The Government of Ontario is committed to maintaining an anti-racism strategy that aims to eliminate systemic racism and advance racial equity.

    The strategy includes the following:
    1. initiatives to eliminate systemic racism, including initiatives to identify and remove systemic barriers that contribute to inequitable racial outcomes;
    2. initiatives to advance racial equity; and
    3. targets and indicators to measure the strategy’s effectiveness.

    Description:

    Research consultation for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD) and the Government of Ontario on the formation of the Anti-Racism Act, which came into force in the province on June 1, 2017 — assisting in the development of the province’s first Race Data Standard as well as the procedural regulations for the collection, use, and management of race-related data in Ontario.

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    Role: Expert Consultant

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2017

    End Date:
      Month: Sep   Year: 2017

    Funders:
    Government of Ontario
Ottawa Police Service Traffic Stop Race-Based Data Collection, Project II

    Summary:

    This research project provides an evidence-based comparative analysis of three subsequent years of race data collected by Ottawa Police following the landmark 2013–2015 “racial profiling” study in Ottawa.

    Description:

    This is a three-year follow-up data analysis following the largest “racial profiling” study ever conducted in Canada. The goals of the race data collection Project II is to assess the differences in police-citizen relations by comparing the race disproportionalities in traffic stops in the city of Ottawa over a six-year period, and to provide recommendations for Ottawa Police Service in conjunction with the goal of bias-neutral policing.

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    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jun   Year: 2016

    End Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2019

    Funders:
    Ottawa Police Service, City of Ottawa
Windsor Police Service Human Rights Project Evaluation

    Summary:

    An evaluation of the implementation of the Human Rights Project Charter by the Windsor Police Service (WPS).

    Description:

    This research report provides an assessment of the Windsor Police Service’s Human Rights Project Charter involving strategies to embed human rights principles and values in all 210 of the Services employment and service delivery policies.

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    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Apr   Year: 2015

    End Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2016

    Funders:
    Windsor Police Service, City of Windsor
Ottawa Police Service Traffic Stop Race Based-Data Collection, Project I

    Summary:

    This project involves the collection and analysis of all police traffic stops over a three-year period in city of Ottawa.

    Description:

    This is the largest “racial profiling” study ever conducted in Canada. The goals of the race data collection project is the provision of a management tool for monitoring and reviewing traffic stops and the identification of the patterns of racial groups among all traffic stops in Ottawa.

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    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2013

    End Date:
      Month: Jul   Year: 2016

    Funders:
    Ottawa Police Service, City of Ottawa
Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Employment Standards

    Summary:

    Establishment of a cross-sectoral/community engagement partnerships with the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) and the Capital University of Economics and Business (CUEB), Beijing China.

    Description:

    This international forum is the first sponsored by Canada’s Ministry of Labour and the Industrial Trade and Labour Program (Labour Program of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada and the Ministry of Human, Industrial Trade and Labour Program) — in support of the 2007–2009 Cooperation Framework Between the Resources and Social Security of the People’s Republic of China in the Field of Industrial Relations and Labour Standards.

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    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2010

    End Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2011

    Collaborator Institution: Capital University of Economics and Trade (Beijing China)
    Funders:
    Ministry of Labour, Industrial Trade and Labour Program
Towards a Policy Framework to Address Competing Human Rights Claims

    Summary:

    Policy Dialogue and special journal publication on Competing Human Rights Claims in partnership with the York Centre for Public Policy and Law and the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC).

    Description:

    This academic-governmental agency partnership seeks to both inform and shift how differently situated people from across society — ordinary citizens, journalists, human rights lawyers, advocates, and academics — think about competing human rights claims. It is designed as a major step towards the formation of a new policy for the OHRC in the area of competing human rights claims.

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    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Sep   Year: 2009

    End Date:
      Month: Dec   Year: 2010

    Collaborator Institution: Ontario Human Rights Commission
    Funders:
    Ontario Human Rights Commission
    Law Society of Canada
    York Centre for Human Rights
Asia-Pacific Dispute Resolution Project: Understanding Integrated Compliance with International Trade and Human Rights Standards from a Comparative Perspective

    Summary:

    This international collaborative research project — involving Canada, Japan, Indonesia, and China — examines legal consciousness and legal culture in human rights and international trade disputes.

    Description:

    Explores intersecting themes that revolve around the impact of globalization on countries on the Asia Pacific Rim and examines the significance of legal culture as a mediator of that impact.

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    Role: Canadian Team Member

    Start Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2009

    End Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2016

    Collaborator: PI: Pitman Potter
    Collaborator Institution: University of British Columbia
    Funders:
    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Major Collaborative Research Initiative)
Books

Publication
Year

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., Siu, B., & Azmi, S. (Eds.). (2018). Racial profiling and human rights in Canada: The new legal landscape. Irwin Law.

2018

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. A. (2017). Labour and human rights in China and Canada. APDR Working Papers Series, Volume 4: Trade and the Right to Labour. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (e-version). University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L. (2015). Workplace diversity and human rights primer: Building inclusive organizational practice and culture. HRPA.

2015

Azmi, A., Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (Eds.). (2012). Balancing competing human rights in a diverse society: Institutions, policy, principles. Irwin Law.

2012

Foster, L. (2011). Writing justice: Voicing issues in the third media. Multicultural History Society of Ontario, University of Toronto.

2011

Foster, L. (2010). Enhancing the role of municipalities against racism and discrimination: Inventory of tools for evaluating municipal policies aimed at fighting racism and discrimination. OHRC-CRRF.

2010

Foster, L. (2002). Intercultural relations: Toward a working relationship of Blacks and Jews in Canada. League for Human Rights.

2002

Foster, L. (1998). Turnstile immigration: Multiculturalism, social order and social justice in Canada. Thompson.

1998

Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2018). Community engagement in policing as a dialogic tool for combating racial profiling. In L. Foster, L. Jacobs, B. Siu, & S. Azmi (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights in Canada: The new legal landscape (pp. 271–298). Irwin Law.

2018

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2018). The importance of collecting race data: Preventing racial profiling and promoting inclusive citizenship. In L. Foster, L. Jacobs, B. Siu, & S. Azmi (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights in Canada: The new legal landscape (pp. 221–255). Irwin Law.

2018

Foster, L. (2015). Black and mad and Black and bad: Implicit bias as a psychosocial determinant of Black Canadian mental health and well-being. In M. Jacobs & L. A. Visano (Eds.), Righting humanity in my our time? (pp. 223–281). APF Press.

2015

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2014). The Ontario Human Rights Commission and the framework for mapping and addressing competing human rights. In S. Day, L. Lamarche, & K. Norman (Eds.), 14 arguments for human rights institutions in Canada (pp. 361–387). Irwin Law.

2014

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2012). Framing competing human rights claims: The promise of shared social citizenship. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Balancing competing human rights in a diverse society: Institutions, policy, principles (pp. 225–241). Irwin Law.

2012

Foster, L. (2010). The foreign credentials gap: Understanding the dynamics of racialized immigration in Canada. In S. E. Bosanac & M. Jacobs (Eds.), Work, occupations and professionalization (pp. 215–257). de Sitter Publications.

2010

Foster, L. (2009). The 21st century taxi driver: An examination of the hidden injuries of race in urban Canada. In R. Barmaki (Ed.), Racism, culture and the law: Critical readings (pp. 133–164). APF Press.

2009

Foster, L. (2009). The role of the “third media” in minority empowerment. In A. Itwaru (Ed.), The white supremacist state: Eurocentrism, imperialism, colonialism, racism (pp. 263–315). Other Eye.

2009

Foster, L. (2008). Foreign credentials in Canada’s multicultural society. In M. Wallis & S-m. Kwok (Eds.), Daily struggles: The deepening racialization and feminization of poverty in Canada (pp. 129–142). Canadian Scholars’ Press, Inc.

2008

Foster, L. (2008). The devaluation of foreign doctors: Discourses on culture and power in Canada’s medical profession. In M. Jacobs (Ed.), Critical readings in health (pp. 96–147). APF Press.

2008

Foster, L. (2006). Foreign credentials in Canada’s multicultural society. In S. E. Bosanac & M. Jacobs (Eds.), The professionalization of work (pp. 282–335). de Sitter Publications.

2006

Foster, L. (1994). City primeval: High noon in Detroit. In P. Preston & P. Simpson Housley (Eds.), Writing the city: Literature and the urban experience (pp. 125–149). Rutledge Kegan Paul.

1994

Foster, L. (1992). Small talk in the big city: A look at some of the dimensions of everyday conversation. In K. Gerecke (Ed.), The Canadian city (pp. 39–48). Black Rose Books.

1992

Foster, L. (1991). The countercultural aspects of the bebop era. In R. Witmer (Ed.), Ethnomusicology in Canada (pp. 81–91). Institute for Canadian Music, University of Toronto.

1991

Monographs

Publication
Year

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Azmi, S. (Eds.) (2017). Racial profiling and human rights policy. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission.) Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1). Montréal, Canada. (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L., Azmi, S., & Jacobs, L. (Eds.) (2010). Balancing competing human rights. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission). Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 8(3). Montréal, Canada. (Also in French translation.)

2010

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2017, April). Community engagement as a tool for combating racial profiling. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights policy. Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1), 44–46. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission.) (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. A. (2017). Inclusive workplace practice in Canada: Competing inequalities in an industrial-mobile society. In L. Foster & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Labour and human rights in China and Canada. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (APDR) Working Papers Series, 4(1), 11 pp. University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. A. (2017). Introduction: Labour and human rights. In L. Foster & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Labour and human rights in China and Canada. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (APDR) Working Papers Series, 4(1), 2 pp. University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L. (2017). Learning networks as a tool for good governance: The case of the Canada-China forum on industrial relations and employment standards. In L. Foster & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Labour and human rights in China and Canada. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (APDR) Working Papers Series, 4(1), 22 pp. University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Sui, B. (2017, April). The Ottawa Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP). In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights policy. Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1), 16–18. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission). (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2017, April). Why police should collect racial data. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights policy. Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1), 16–18. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission.) (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L. (2015). A human rights-based approach to immigrant workers: The policy on removing the Canadian experience barrier. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 8(1), 1–15.

2015

Foster, L. (2015). Organizational change and the policy on removing the Canadian experience barrier. Journal of Promising Practices on Diversity and Equity, 2(1), 20–28.

2015

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2012, September). Workplace practice and diversity in Canada: Employment policy in global modernity. Think India Quarterly, 15(3), 57–72.

2012

Foster, L. (2011, October). Equity and inclusive workplace policies in Canada. Industrial Relations and Labour Employment Working Papers, 1(1), 11–15. Capital University of Economics and Business Beijing.

2011

Cohn, D., Foster, L., & Greene, I. (2011, February). Learning from history: Program reviews and public safety. Policy Options,32(2), 8–13. Institute for Research on Public Policy.

2011

Foster, L. (2011, March). The foreign credentials gap in Canada: The case for targeted universalism. Directions, 3(3), 22–36. Canadian Race Relations Foundation, Research and Policy on Eliminating Racism.

2011

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2010, Fall). Shared citizenship as the context for competing human rights claims: Towards a social policy framework. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & Jacobs, L. (Eds.), Toward a policy framework for addressing competing human rights claims. Canadian Diversity, 8(3), 10–13.

2010

Foster, L. (2009, June). Lawyers of colour and racialized immigrants with foreign legal degrees: An examination of the institutionalized processes of social nullification. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 2(1), 189–217.

2009

Foster, L. (2008, June). Foreign trained doctors in Canada: Cultural contingency and cultural democracy in the medical profession. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 1(1), 1–25.

2008

Foster, L. (1990). The cauldron of ethnicity. Currents: Readings in race relations, 6(1), 5–11.

1990

Foster, L. (1989). Ethnic marketing and human resource development: The case of Blacks in Canada. Human Affairs: An International Journal of Social Studies, 16, 106–126.

1989

Foster, L. (1988, July). Canada needs skilled immigrants. The African Messenger, 1(6), 19–44.

1988

Foster, L. (1987). The native demand for self-government. Currents: Readings in race relations, 4(2), 5–16.

1987

Foster, L. (1987). The political experience of Blackness in Canada. Human Affairs: An International Journal of Social Studies, 12, 25–53.

1987

Professional Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Foster, L. (2016, October 2). Bromley Lloyd Armstrong. The Canadian Encyclopedia.

2016

Foster, L. (2008, November 25). At 85, Roy Heron is a leader. Pan-African News Wire.

2008

Conference Papers

Publication
Year

Foster, L. (2020, September 30). A wicked problem in Canada: Understanding systemic anti-Black racism. Lancaster House — National Human Rights and Accommodation Conference, Virtual Event.

2020

Foster, L. (2020, February 4–5). Blackness in Canada: Youth and educations sector. Institute for Social Research (ISR) in partnership with the York Region District School Board’s (YRDSB) Human Rights Office. Blackness in Canada Policy Networking (BCPN) Conference: Critical Issues for Building Robust Community-Academic Alliances.

2020

Foster, L. (2019, November 26). Addressing human Rights issues and complaints. Advancing Human Rights in Education: A Symposium on Organizational Best Practices. Toronto District School Board (TDSB).

2019

Foster, L. (2019, November 26–27). Blackness in Canada: Organizational change management. Institute for Social Research (ISR) in partnership with the Toronto District School Board’s (TDSB) Human Rights Office. Advancing Human Rights in Education: A TDSB/York University Symposium on Organizational Best Practice.

2019

Foster, L. (2017, March 22). Race data collection as an equity tool. Race Inclusion and Supportive Environments (RISE) Symposium on Past and Present Anti-Racist Activism, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2017

Foster, L. (2016, February 16–18). Community engagement: Good responses to “racial profiling.” Racial Profiling Policy Dialogue. Ontario Human Rights Commission, York University Centre for Human Rights, York University School of Public Policy and Administration, and York University Institute for Social Research, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2016

Foster, L. (2016, April 5). How research can influence public policy. Health Systems and Health Equity Research Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), The Wellesley Institute, 10 Alcorn Avenue, Suite 300, Toronto, Canada.

2016

Foster, L. (2016, August 12). Race data collection in policing: Lessons learned by Ottawa Police Service (OPS) Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP). Canadian Association of Police Governance (CAPG) Annual Conference, Fairmont Chateau Laurier Hotel, 701 – 1 Rideau Street, Ottawa, Canada.

2016

Foster, L. (2015, October 20). Designing research to influence public policy. The Social Aetiology of Mental Illness CIHR training program Health Systems and Health Equity Research Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), The Wellesley Institute, 10 Alcorn Avenue, Suite 300, Toronto, Canada.

2015

Foster, L. (2015, October 30). Human rights and policing a multicultural society. Living and Learning in Retirement, Glendon Campus, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2015

Foster, L. (2015, March 12). Select topics in a human rights toolbox for police services — The Police Services Act and the Human Rights Code, York Regional Police Service, 47 Hillock Drive, Aurora, Canada.

2015

Foster, L. (2014, May 22). Human rights in the public sector. Public Policy and Administration, and Human Resource Management Intensive Training Program for Palestinian National School of Administration Instructors, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2014

Foster, L. (2012, April 17–18). Balancing competing human rights claims: From jurisprudence to policy. Checking Our Constitution@30: The Influence of the Canadian Constitution and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms on Legislation, Identities and Federalism. Hosted by the Association for Canadian Studies, the Faculty of Law (Civil Law), University of Ottawa, and the Public Law Group of the Faculty of Law (Common Law), University of Ottawa.

2012

Foster, L. (2012, July 19). Empowering differences in the workplace. Ministry of the Attorney General Legal Services Division — Diversity in Law Student Recruitment — Best Practices Workshop, 900 Bay Street, Toronto, Canada.

2012

Foster, L. (2012, May 28). The role of education in poverty eradication. Poverty Eradication Conference. Human Rights Participatory Growth and Poverty Eradication Program (HRPEP). Conference Moderator, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2012

Foster, L. (2011, October 20). Designing research to influence public policy. The Social Aetiology of Mental Illness CIHR training program Health Systems and Health Equity Research Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH).

2011

Foster, L. (2011, December 8–10). Learning networks as a tool for good governance: The case of the Canada-China forum on industrial relations and employment standards. Research Design Workshop of Trade in Comparative Perspective. Co-hosted by the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Centre, and the Institute of Asian Research at the University of British Columbia. Delhi, India.

2011

Foster, L. (2011, October 13–14). The changing global landscape for international trade and human rights linkages. Session Workshop Chair, SSHRC MCRI ASIA PACIFIC DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROJECT. Hosted by the York Centre for Public Policy & Law and the Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2011

Foster, L. (2011, May 6–7). Workplace inclusion strategies in Canada. Partnership between the Centre for Public Policy and Law (YCPPL) in Canada and Capital University of Economics and Business in China. Refereed paper presented at the Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Labour Employment. Beijing, China.

2011

Foster, L. (2010, January 28). Enhancing the role of municipalities against racism and discrimination. Inventory of tools for evaluating municipal policies aimed at fighting racism and discrimination. York University report presented to the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the Canadian Race Relations Foundation. Refereed paper presented at the Canadian Council of Municipalities Against Racism and Discrimination (CCMARD) Round Table.

2010

Foster, L. (2010, December 6–7). Testing a competing rights policy framework in the Toronto Secondary School Board (TSSB). Partnership between the York Centre for Public Policy and Law (YCPPL) and the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC). In the first phase, the YCPPL and the OHRC co-sponsored a Policy Dialogue and Community Engagement Working Series, which took place on March 5–6 of 2010, with a bilingual publication of the proceedings. In the second phase, the YCPPL and the OHRC are continuing the partnership of testing the competing rights policy framework in the Toronto Secondary School Board (TSSB).

2010

Foster, L. (2010, March 5–6). Towards a social policy approach to competing rights. Towards a framework to address competing human rights claims. Refereed paper co-presented with Lesley Jacobs at the Balancing Conflicting Rights Policy Dialogue sponsored by the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the York Centre for Public Policy and Law, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2010

Foster, L. (2010, March 5–6). What is conflict and how can it be resolved? Towards a framework to address competing human rights claims. Refereed paper presented at the Balancing Conflicting Rights Policy Dialogue, sponsored by the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the York Centre for Public Policy and Law, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2010

Foster, L. (2008, June). Whithering democratic heights? Contested terrains and the struggle for equity and accountability in Canadian universities. Organizer, chair, and discussant. Conference session held at the University of British Columbia, sponsored by the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences Congress.

2008

Foster, L. (2006, June). Globalization and transnational immigration: The changing family structure, work, identity and organizational practices. Organizer, chair, and discussant. Conference session held at York University, sponsored by the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences Congress.

2006

Foster, L. (2006, June). Race discourse, modernity and the politics of fear and exclusion. Chair. Conference session held at York University, sponsored by the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences Congress.

2006

Foster, L. (2005, October 29–30). The role of “third media” in minority empowerment. Refereed paper presented at the Annual New College Conference on Racism and National Consciousness. Race, Nation, State and Racial Profiling, New College, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

2005

Foster, L. (2003, March). Anti-racism: Four strategic approaches. Paper presented at the United Way of Burlington, Hamilton-Wentworth, Hamilton, Canada.

2003

Foster, L. (2003, May). Diversity training and anti-racism education. Paper presented at the London Cross Cultural Learning Centre, City of London, Canada.

2003

Foster, L. (2003, January). Multicultural youth outreach and leadership development. Presenter and facilitator, at the League for Human Rights, Toronto, Canada.

2003

Foster, L. (2002, December). Responding to racism and antisemitism. Paper presented at the Canadian Hebrew Academy of Toronto (CHAT), Toronto, Canada.

2002

Foster, L. (2002, November). Taking action against hate. Presenter and facilitator, at the Peel Multicultural Council, Mississauga, Canada.

2002

Foster, L. (2002, July). Taking action against hate. Presenter and facilitator, at the Somali Canadian Community, City of York, Canada.

2002

Foster, L. (2001, March). Racial and ethnic stereotypes. Paper presented at the League for Human Rights, International Week for the Elimination of Racism, Toronto, Canada.

2001

Foster, L. (2001, November). Reparations and racism: Life after Durban. World Conference Against Racism Review. League for Human Rights, Toronto, Canada.

2001

Foster, L. (2000, September). Racism and mainstream media coverage of Canadian immigration. Forum on Canada’s Treatment of Immigrants and Refugees. The Campaign to Defend Immigrants and Refugees (CDIR), Toronto, Canada.

2000

Foster, L. (2000, December). Responding to racism and antisemitism. Paper presented at the Jamaican Canadian Association, Toronto, Canada.

2000

Research Reports

Publication
Year

External Review Race Data in Use of Force Reporting by the Ottawa Police Service, 2020. Ottawa Police Service (OPS) and Ottawa Police Service Board (OPSB).

2022

Independent Expert Assessment Report: Toronto Police Service, Race‐Based Data Collection Strategy Phase I. Toronto Police Services Board and Toronto Police Service

2022

Foster, L., Park, S., McCague, H., Fletcher, M.-A., & Sikdar, J. (2021). Black Canadian National Survey Interim Report. Canadian Race Relations Foundation.

2021

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2019, November). Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP) II, 2016–2018: A Report on Ottawa and the Police Districts. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), 69 pp. (Also in French translation.)

2019

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2018, January 1). Independent Police Checks Review: Perceptions and Experiences with Police Stops in Ontario. Independent Police Checks Review, Government of Ontario, 36 pp.

2018

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). Anti-Racism Directorate Survey: Report of Findings. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 129 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). Consultation Report for the Framework on Race Data Collection, Management and Reporting: Broader Public Sector. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 15 pp.

2017

Foster, L. (2017, April). Expert Witness Report on Foreign-Trained Professionals of African Descent. Health Professions Appeal and Review Board. In The Matter of a Registration Hearing — Medicine Between: The Registration Committee of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario — And — Dr. IMG. The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario 80 College Street Toronto, Ontario M5G 2E2, 26 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). Framework for the Collection, Use and Management of Race-Related Data. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 34 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). International Scan of Race Data Collection Methods and Categories. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 15 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Siu, B. (2016, October). Race Data and Traffic Stops in Ottawa, 2013–2015: A Report on Ottawa and the Police Districts. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), 72 pp. (Also in French translation.)

2016

Foster, L., Jacobs, L. (2015, November). Human Rights Evaluation Report: Windsor Police Service Human Rights Project. Report for the Windsor Police Service (WPS), 73 pp.

2015

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., Siu, B. (2013, March). Census Benchmarking and Analytical Frameworks for OPS Race Data. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), City of Ottawa, pp. 12.

2013

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Siu, B. (2013, May). Traffic Stop Data — Methodology Paper. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), City of Ottawa, pp. 20.

2013

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Siu, B. (2013, March). Traffic Stop Race Based Data Collection Discussion Paper. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), City of Ottawa, pp. 12.

2013

Foster, L., Jacobs, L. (2012, April). Final Report on the Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Labour Rights, Beijing, China, May 2011. Submitted to the International Trade and Labour Program, HRSDC, for the Labour Program, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC), 33 pp.

2012

Foster, L. (2012, January). Learning Networks as a Tool for Good Governance: The Case of the Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Employment Standards. Report for the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Centre and the Institute of Asian Research at the University of British Columbia, 20 pp.

2012

Other

Publication
Year

Anti-Black racism hovers beneath the surface.

2021

What is the Black Canadian Experience?

2020

A Selection of Media Publications

2019


Lorne Foster is Professor, School of Public Policy & Administration (SPPA). He holds the York Research Chair in Black Canadian Studies & Human Rights (Tier 1). As the Director of the Institute for Social Research (ISR), Dr. Foster oversees the leading university-based survey research centre in Canada. He is past Academic Director, Statistics Canada Research Data Centre (RDC); and the inaugural Chair, Race Inclusion and Supportive Environments (RISE). In his university service, he currently serves as the Chair of the Community Safety Council (CSC); and is a member of the President’s Advisory Committee on Human Rights (PACHR). Dr. Foster is also the Director of the Diversity & Human Rights Certificate (DHRC), which he established in partnership with the Human Resources Professional Association (HRPA). This initiative is the first academic-industry partnership sponsored by a regulatory organization.

Today, as a member of the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies (LA&PS), Dr. Foster’s work on public policy formation and scholarship on the human rights approach to inclusive organizational change ranks among the best in its field and has consistently opened doors to new scholarly explorations through a synergistic laboratory of academic-industry collaborations. His pedagogical achievements include curricular selection as an original and active member of the Black Canadian Studies Certificate, introducing a more diverse curriculum to the University’s multicultural student body. In 2019, he was honoured with the creation of the eponymous graduate studies Foster-Greene Award for Excellence in Public Policy, Administration and Law — “the commemorative MPPAL Alumni Award named after the program’s two inaugural Directors — Professors Ian Greene and Lorne Foster — who were instrumental to the program’s success.”

A critical part of Dr. Foster’s work is public engagement and building relationships beyond the traditional scope of academia, with the mission of informing public debate, equity policies, and inclusive practice. His major knowledge mobilization research initiatives in the last 10 years include:

(1) In 2021, he became an External Expert Consultant for the Toronto Police Service (TPS) Race and Identity-Based Data Collection Strategy (2021–2022) — reviewing the TPS’ Use of Force data and practices.
(2) In 2021, he became the Co-Principal Investigator for the Peel Regional Police (PRP) Human Rights-Based Race Data Collection Strategy (2021–2024) — examining the full range of Peel police-civilian interactions, for the fifth largest jurisdiction in Canada.
(3) In 2019, he became Principal Investigator of a major SSHRC Partnership Development Grant (2019–2022) grant for a project on “Blackness in Canada” — research examining Black Canadian identity, practice, and experiences with the intent to build networks aimed at equity policy development, implementation and outcomes.
(4) He also served as the Co-Principal Investigator for the Ottawa Police Service (OPS) Traffic Stop Race-Based Data Collection Project (2016–2019) — comparative research analysis of three years of race data collected by Ottawa Police following the landmark 2013–2015 “racial profiling” study in Ottawa.
(5) In 2018, he co-led a whole-of-government review of the Discrimination and Harassment Prevention (WDHP) Program and the Respectful Workplace Policy (RWP) for the Cabinet Office, Ontario Public Service.
(6) In 2017–2018, he was one of three expert consultants for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD) and the Government of Ontario on the Anti-Racism Act, which came into force in the province on June 1, 2017 — assisting in the development of the province’s first Race Data Standard as well as the procedural regulations for the collection, use, and management of race-related data in Ontario.
(7) In 2017–2018, Dr. Foster was an expert consultant for the Independent Street Check (Carding) Review conducted by the Honourable Mr. Justice Michael H. Tulloch.
(8) In 2017, he also co-led human rights training for all Principals and Managers in the York Region District School Board (YRDSB) — the province’s third largest school board, with an enrollment of over 122,000 students.
(9) In 2016, he was the co-lead academic organizer for the Racial Profiling Policy Dialogue, in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) and the Institute for Social Research (ISR).
(10) In 2015–2016, he was the Co-Principal Investigator for the Windsor Police Service’ (WPS) “Human Rights Evaluation Project,” conducting a human rights review and assessment of all WPS policies.
(11) From 2013–2016, he led the York University Research Team in conducting the Ottawa Police Service’ (OPS) Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP), the largest race-based data collection study in Canadian policing history.
(12) In 2010–2016, Dr. Foster was a Canada Research Team Member for the SSHRC Major Collaborative Research Initiative Asia Pacific Dispute Resolution Project, housed at the Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia (2003–2016) — centred on the dynamic relationship between international trade and human rights law in Pacific Rim countries.
(13) In 2010–2011, he was the co-lead academic organizer for the first Canada-China Forum on International Labour Relations and Employment Standards, in Beijing China.
(14) In 2010, he also partnered with the OHRC and Canadian Race Relations Foundation (CRRF) in conjunction with Canadian Coalition of Municipalities Against Racism and Discrimination (locally called CCMARD) — to develop and publish an inventory of “best practice” tools that is now used as a standard for municipalities to combat racism across the province.
(15) In 2009–2012, he was the co-lead academic organizer for the Competing Human Rights Dialogue in partnership with the OHRC, which culminated in the development of the first competing rights policy by any commission in the world.

His current research focus is on human rights and public policy linkages as they relate to the areas of race and ethnicity.

Degrees

Ph.D. Sociology, York University

Professional Leadership

• Director, Institute for Social Research • Director, Diversity & Human Rights Certificate • Chair, Community Safety Council • Director, Master of Public Policy, Administration and Law, 2009–2013 • Adjunct Scholar, Multicultural History Society of Ontario, U of T • Member, Institute of Public Administration of Canada (IPAC) • Fellow of McLaughlin College, York University • Affiliate Member, CERIS — The Ontario Metropolis Centre • Affiliated Faculty, Centre For Refugee Studies • Member, Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association • Member, Centre for Public Policy and Law • Member, Centre for Practical Ethics

Community Contributions

Adjudication Panel — Morley S. Wolfe Anti-Racism Youth Book Competition from 2006 to 2008. The youth book awards are an annual event sponsored by Toronto Residents in Partnership promoting anti-racism and anti-discrimination in public schools.

African Cultural Advisory Board, Toronto Zoo from 2005 to 2010. The Advisory Board provides community overview for the African Cultural Program at Canada’s premier zoo, known for its interactive education, conservation activities, and unique wildlife experience. The Board’s mandate is to inspire people through cultural expression to live in ways that promote the well-being of the natural world.

Multiculturalism in Action Youth Project from 2004 to 2008. Multiculturalism in Action is an acclaimed education program for public schools that is designed to teach school children aged 6 to 12 about issues relating to multiculturalism and tolerance through puppetry. The success of the project, in the initial pilot project for the Toronto District School Board, has led to the development of national outreach.

Ethno-Racial Coalition and Social Action Committee (ERCSA) from 2003 to 2005. ERCSA is a multi-ethnic and multi-racial organization dedicated to the enhancement of multiculturalism and economic inclusion in society and community capacity building. ERCSA is engaged in public education forums, business mentoring, and youth leadership development projects in minority and inner-city communities.

Canadians Against Slavery and Torture (CAST) from 2003 to 2013. CAST is a community coalition and campaign that is dedicated to public education. CAST acts as political lobby against the existence of slavery in the Sudan and torture in the global society.

Toronto Residents in Partnership (TRIP) from 2002 to 2010. TRIP is a not-for-profit corporation (successor to the North York Committee on Community, Race and Ethnic Relations), mandated to promote racial harmony and understanding through programs in the areas of community development, education, and police services.

Director for the Concerned Kids Charities of Toronto (Communication through Puppetry) from 2002 to 2006. As a member of the Board of Directors, I oversee the organizational commitment to public awareness and education for primary and secondary school children in various anti-discrimination programs.

Blacks & Jews in Dialogue (BJD) of the League for Human Rights from 1999 to 2004. The League for Human Rights was a finalist for the 2001 Canadian Race Relations Foundation Award of Excellence. BJD’s goal is to build community partnerships and to strengthen existing alliances within communities. Its mandate is to promote better understanding of cultural diversity, particularly among youth. It also provides a manual containing models of programming for Black and Jewish communities across the country, which can be adapted for other joint community dialogues and initiatives.

Taking Action Against Hate Project, League for Human Rights from 2001 to 2004. I help conduct public education and awareness workshops for school districts, law enforcement organizations, and community and professional associations focusing on hate and hate crimes in a human rights context. I have also been instrumental in launching a training manual entitled “Taking Action Against Hate” that has become a standard resource for governmental and non-governmental organizations in the field of anti-discrimination work.

Member, Urban Alliance on Race Relations (UARR) from 1986 to 2000. The UARR is a non-profit charitable organization consisting of and engaged in seminars and conferences on race relations concerns. The UARR works with Boards of Education to develop and implement policies and programs, and it works with police to improve relations with minority racial communities.

Research Interests

Multiculturalism , Race and Racism, Political Economy, Youth, Public Policy Analysis, Public Policy Formation & Human Rights

Awards

  • York Research Chair (Tier 1) Award - 2021
  • The Foster-Greene Award for Excellence in Public Policy, Administration and Law “the commemorative MPPAL Alumni Award named after the program’s two inaugural Directors — Professors Ian Greene and Lorne Foster – who were instrumental to the program’s success.” - 2019
  • Dean’s Letter of Acknowledgement of Research Achievements - 2019

Current Research Projects

Waterloo Regional Police Human Rights-Based Data Collection Strategy

    Summary:

    The development of a human rights-based data collection system that ensures privacy, involvement of affected communities, and limits the use of the data to human rights-related purposes only, for the advancement of community safety and well-being; and to utilize said data with a view to eliminating systemic racism in the delivery of services in policing, promoting transparency and accountability, and enhancing Black, and other racialized and Indigenous communities’ trust in policing throughout the Waterloo Region.

    Description:

    Academic partner in the development and application of a Waterloo Regional Police Service (WRPS) Race-Based Data (RBD) Collection Strategy. This RBD Collection Strategy requires open, transparent, and accountable methods and methodology, developed by experienced academics in consultation with experienced stakeholders, the residents of the Waterloo Region, and Service members who will provide important operational context to the analysis.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2022

    End Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2025

    Funders:
    Waterloo Regional Police
York Regional Police Anti-Racism Training Program

    Summary:

    This project involves the the development, roll-out and train-the-trainer of an anti-racism training program for the York Region Police Service (YRP).

    Description:

    The Deliverables include but not be limited to the following:
    (a) developing an anti-racism training program for all YRP members; and
    (b) to provide program sustainability, the anti-racism training program developed must include a component that provides for a train-the-trainer and mentorship for YRP’s Training and Education Bureau.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Managing Director

    Start Date:
      Month: Aug   Year: 2022

    End Date:
      Month: Aug   Year: 2023

    Collaborator: Shaheen Azmi
    Collaborator Role: Project Lead

    Funders:
    York Regional Police and Board
Peel Regional Police Traffic Stop Race-Based Data Collection Strategy

    Summary:

    The Peel Regional Police (PRP) project examines the full range of police-civilian interactions, including stop and question activities, charges, arrests, releases, and use of force.

    Description:

    The objective of the PRP project is to develop a human rights-based data collection system that ensures privacy, involvement of affected communities, and limits the use of the data to human rights-related purposes only, for the advancement of community safety and well-being; and to utilize said data with a view to eliminating systemic racism in the delivery of police services, promoting transparency and accountability, and enhancing Black, and other racialized and Indigenous communities’ trust in policing throughout the Region of Peel.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2021

    End Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2024

    Funders:
    Peel Regional Police
An Examination of Racial Disparities in Use of Force and Strip Searches in the Toronto Police Service

    Summary:

    In 2019, the Toronto Police Services Board (TPSB) approved the Race-Based Data Collection, Analysis and Public Reporting Policy (Policy) to identify, monitor, and address systemic racial disparities in policing. The Policy builds on Ontario’s Data Standards and was guided by recommendations of its Anti-Racism Advisory Panel (ARAP). In alignment with the provincial Standards, the purposes of the Policy are to:
    • use race-based data collection, analysis, and public reporting to identify, monitor, and eliminate potential systemic racism and racial bias;
    • improve the delivery of police services;
    • preserve the dignity of individuals and communities; and
    • enhance trend analysis, professional development, and public accountability.

    Employing a phased approach, the Toronto Police Service (TPS) will examine race data collected as of January 1, 2020 for two interactions: Use of Force (as per the Province’s regulation) and Strip Searches (in response to findings in Breaking the Golden Rule: A Review of Police Strip Searches in Ontario, 2019 (Office of the Independent Police Review Director, OIPRD).

    Description:

    The TPS has retained the services of Dr. Lorne Foster and Dr. Les Jacobs as external independent experts to provide the examination of the TPS’ analysis and findings specified by the Phase 1 data analysis, specific to Use of Force and Strip Searches collected over a period of one year beginning January 1, 2020. The contract includes three activities:
    1. an examination of the TPS’ analysis and findings;
    2. recommendations to improve the collection, analysis, interpretation, and/or reporting of Phase 1 data; and
    3. recommendations regarding methods and approaches (including qualitative data collection) towards the development of action plans.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jul   Year: 2021

    End Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2022

    Funders:
    Toronto Police Services Board, Toronto Police Service
Ottawa Police Service Use of Force Report 2020 External Review

    Summary:

    This study focuses on a twelve-month period when race data collection was being introduced into Use of Force (UFR) Reports for Ontario Police Services. An important broad objective of this analysis is the determination of whether there were any disproportionately high incidences of racialized subjects in UFR Incidents involving the Ottawa Police Service during 2020.

    Description:

    The 2020 Use of Force (UFR) Report introduced race as a primary unit of analysis for Ontario Police Services in broad alignment with the Race Data Standards set out in The Anti-Racism Act, 2017, which frames the modern obligation of eliminating systemic racism and advancing social equity in our public sector institutions.

    Professors Lorne Foster and Les Jacobs, who have a long record of expertise working with police services in Canada, were contracted to identify and analyze any racial disparities and the variances in outcomes for different groups in the City of Ottawa pertaining to UFR incidents involving the OPS

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2020

    End Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2022

    Collaborator: Les Jacobs
    Funders:
    Ottawa Police Service and Board
Blackness in Canada: Transforming the Nature and Not Just the Face of Social Science Research

    Summary:

    The “Blackness in Canada” research project examines Black Canadian identity, practice, and experiences with the intent of building networks aimed at equity policy development, implementation, and outcomes.

    Description:

    The research has four objectives: (1) to investigate the Black Canadian population as a national ethno-racial identity; (2) to investigate how the experiences of Black Canadians are shaped by intersecting social, political, and economic factors; (3) to determine the most promising approaches to alleviate anti-Black racism as experienced by them; and, (4) to create a framework for a comprehensive policy network to adapt to Black community issues using a holistic approach.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Apr   Year: 2019

    End Date:
      Month: Apr   Year: 2022

    Funders:
    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Ontario Public Service Review of the Workplace Discrimination and Harassment Prevention Program and Related Components of the Respectful Workplace Policy

    Summary:

    This project involves a whole-of-government program evaluation on behalf of the Cabinet Office and the Government of Ontario of the Workplace Discrimination and Harassment Prevention (WDHP) Program and related components of the Respectful Workplace Policy (RWP).

    Description:

    The purpose of the whole-of-government review of the WDHP Program and related components of the RWP through an intersectional anti-racism perspective (with particular attention to anti-Indigenous and anti-Black racisms) are twofold:
    1. assess the extent to which the current policy and complaint process are addressing and meeting the concerns of Indigenous, Black, and racialized employees and identify any patterns or trends in the processing of race-based complaints; and
    2. make recommendations on what improvements are needed to the WDHP Program and related components of the RWP, including how direct, indirect, and systemic race-based discrimination issues can be identified, monitored, and resolved.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2017

    End Date:
      Month: Jun   Year: 2018

    Funders:
    Anti-Racism Directorate, Government of Ontario
Anti-Racism Directorate and the Government of Ontario Anti-Racism Act

    Summary:

    The Government of Ontario is committed to maintaining an anti-racism strategy that aims to eliminate systemic racism and advance racial equity.

    The strategy includes the following:
    1. initiatives to eliminate systemic racism, including initiatives to identify and remove systemic barriers that contribute to inequitable racial outcomes;
    2. initiatives to advance racial equity; and
    3. targets and indicators to measure the strategy’s effectiveness.

    Description:

    Research consultation for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD) and the Government of Ontario on the formation of the Anti-Racism Act, which came into force in the province on June 1, 2017 — assisting in the development of the province’s first Race Data Standard as well as the procedural regulations for the collection, use, and management of race-related data in Ontario.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Expert Consultant

    Start Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2017

    End Date:
      Month: Sep   Year: 2017

    Funders:
    Government of Ontario
Ottawa Police Service Traffic Stop Race-Based Data Collection, Project II

    Summary:

    This research project provides an evidence-based comparative analysis of three subsequent years of race data collected by Ottawa Police following the landmark 2013–2015 “racial profiling” study in Ottawa.

    Description:

    This is a three-year follow-up data analysis following the largest “racial profiling” study ever conducted in Canada. The goals of the race data collection Project II is to assess the differences in police-citizen relations by comparing the race disproportionalities in traffic stops in the city of Ottawa over a six-year period, and to provide recommendations for Ottawa Police Service in conjunction with the goal of bias-neutral policing.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Jun   Year: 2016

    End Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2019

    Funders:
    Ottawa Police Service, City of Ottawa
Windsor Police Service Human Rights Project Evaluation

    Summary:

    An evaluation of the implementation of the Human Rights Project Charter by the Windsor Police Service (WPS).

    Description:

    This research report provides an assessment of the Windsor Police Service’s Human Rights Project Charter involving strategies to embed human rights principles and values in all 210 of the Services employment and service delivery policies.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Apr   Year: 2015

    End Date:
      Month: Jan   Year: 2016

    Funders:
    Windsor Police Service, City of Windsor
Ottawa Police Service Traffic Stop Race Based-Data Collection, Project I

    Summary:

    This project involves the collection and analysis of all police traffic stops over a three-year period in city of Ottawa.

    Description:

    This is the largest “racial profiling” study ever conducted in Canada. The goals of the race data collection project is the provision of a management tool for monitoring and reviewing traffic stops and the identification of the patterns of racial groups among all traffic stops in Ottawa.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2013

    End Date:
      Month: Jul   Year: 2016

    Funders:
    Ottawa Police Service, City of Ottawa
Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Employment Standards

    Summary:

    Establishment of a cross-sectoral/community engagement partnerships with the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) and the Capital University of Economics and Business (CUEB), Beijing China.

    Description:

    This international forum is the first sponsored by Canada’s Ministry of Labour and the Industrial Trade and Labour Program (Labour Program of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada and the Ministry of Human, Industrial Trade and Labour Program) — in support of the 2007–2009 Cooperation Framework Between the Resources and Social Security of the People’s Republic of China in the Field of Industrial Relations and Labour Standards.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Mar   Year: 2010

    End Date:
      Month: May   Year: 2011

    Collaborator Institution: Capital University of Economics and Trade (Beijing China)
    Funders:
    Ministry of Labour, Industrial Trade and Labour Program
Towards a Policy Framework to Address Competing Human Rights Claims

    Summary:

    Policy Dialogue and special journal publication on Competing Human Rights Claims in partnership with the York Centre for Public Policy and Law and the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC).

    Description:

    This academic-governmental agency partnership seeks to both inform and shift how differently situated people from across society — ordinary citizens, journalists, human rights lawyers, advocates, and academics — think about competing human rights claims. It is designed as a major step towards the formation of a new policy for the OHRC in the area of competing human rights claims.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Start Date:
      Month: Sep   Year: 2009

    End Date:
      Month: Dec   Year: 2010

    Collaborator Institution: Ontario Human Rights Commission
    Funders:
    Ontario Human Rights Commission
    Law Society of Canada
    York Centre for Human Rights
Asia-Pacific Dispute Resolution Project: Understanding Integrated Compliance with International Trade and Human Rights Standards from a Comparative Perspective

    Summary:

    This international collaborative research project — involving Canada, Japan, Indonesia, and China — examines legal consciousness and legal culture in human rights and international trade disputes.

    Description:

    Explores intersecting themes that revolve around the impact of globalization on countries on the Asia Pacific Rim and examines the significance of legal culture as a mediator of that impact.

    Project Type: Funded
    Role: Canadian Team Member

    Start Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2009

    End Date:
      Month: Oct   Year: 2016

    Collaborator: PI: Pitman Potter
    Collaborator Institution: University of British Columbia
    Funders:
    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Major Collaborative Research Initiative)

All Publications


Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2018). Community engagement in policing as a dialogic tool for combating racial profiling. In L. Foster, L. Jacobs, B. Siu, & S. Azmi (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights in Canada: The new legal landscape (pp. 271–298). Irwin Law.

2018

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2018). The importance of collecting race data: Preventing racial profiling and promoting inclusive citizenship. In L. Foster, L. Jacobs, B. Siu, & S. Azmi (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights in Canada: The new legal landscape (pp. 221–255). Irwin Law.

2018

Foster, L. (2015). Black and mad and Black and bad: Implicit bias as a psychosocial determinant of Black Canadian mental health and well-being. In M. Jacobs & L. A. Visano (Eds.), Righting humanity in my our time? (pp. 223–281). APF Press.

2015

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2014). The Ontario Human Rights Commission and the framework for mapping and addressing competing human rights. In S. Day, L. Lamarche, & K. Norman (Eds.), 14 arguments for human rights institutions in Canada (pp. 361–387). Irwin Law.

2014

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2012). Framing competing human rights claims: The promise of shared social citizenship. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Balancing competing human rights in a diverse society: Institutions, policy, principles (pp. 225–241). Irwin Law.

2012

Foster, L. (2010). The foreign credentials gap: Understanding the dynamics of racialized immigration in Canada. In S. E. Bosanac & M. Jacobs (Eds.), Work, occupations and professionalization (pp. 215–257). de Sitter Publications.

2010

Foster, L. (2009). The 21st century taxi driver: An examination of the hidden injuries of race in urban Canada. In R. Barmaki (Ed.), Racism, culture and the law: Critical readings (pp. 133–164). APF Press.

2009

Foster, L. (2009). The role of the “third media” in minority empowerment. In A. Itwaru (Ed.), The white supremacist state: Eurocentrism, imperialism, colonialism, racism (pp. 263–315). Other Eye.

2009

Foster, L. (2008). Foreign credentials in Canada’s multicultural society. In M. Wallis & S-m. Kwok (Eds.), Daily struggles: The deepening racialization and feminization of poverty in Canada (pp. 129–142). Canadian Scholars’ Press, Inc.

2008

Foster, L. (2008). The devaluation of foreign doctors: Discourses on culture and power in Canada’s medical profession. In M. Jacobs (Ed.), Critical readings in health (pp. 96–147). APF Press.

2008

Foster, L. (2006). Foreign credentials in Canada’s multicultural society. In S. E. Bosanac & M. Jacobs (Eds.), The professionalization of work (pp. 282–335). de Sitter Publications.

2006

Foster, L. (1994). City primeval: High noon in Detroit. In P. Preston & P. Simpson Housley (Eds.), Writing the city: Literature and the urban experience (pp. 125–149). Rutledge Kegan Paul.

1994

Foster, L. (1992). Small talk in the big city: A look at some of the dimensions of everyday conversation. In K. Gerecke (Ed.), The Canadian city (pp. 39–48). Black Rose Books.

1992

Foster, L. (1991). The countercultural aspects of the bebop era. In R. Witmer (Ed.), Ethnomusicology in Canada (pp. 81–91). Institute for Canadian Music, University of Toronto.

1991

Books

Publication
Year

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., Siu, B., & Azmi, S. (Eds.). (2018). Racial profiling and human rights in Canada: The new legal landscape. Irwin Law.

2018

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. A. (2017). Labour and human rights in China and Canada. APDR Working Papers Series, Volume 4: Trade and the Right to Labour. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (e-version). University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L. (2015). Workplace diversity and human rights primer: Building inclusive organizational practice and culture. HRPA.

2015

Azmi, A., Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (Eds.). (2012). Balancing competing human rights in a diverse society: Institutions, policy, principles. Irwin Law.

2012

Foster, L. (2011). Writing justice: Voicing issues in the third media. Multicultural History Society of Ontario, University of Toronto.

2011

Foster, L. (2010). Enhancing the role of municipalities against racism and discrimination: Inventory of tools for evaluating municipal policies aimed at fighting racism and discrimination. OHRC-CRRF.

2010

Foster, L. (2002). Intercultural relations: Toward a working relationship of Blacks and Jews in Canada. League for Human Rights.

2002

Foster, L. (1998). Turnstile immigration: Multiculturalism, social order and social justice in Canada. Thompson.

1998

Monographs

Publication
Year

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Azmi, S. (Eds.) (2017). Racial profiling and human rights policy. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission.) Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1). Montréal, Canada. (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L., Azmi, S., & Jacobs, L. (Eds.) (2010). Balancing competing human rights. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission). Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 8(3). Montréal, Canada. (Also in French translation.)

2010

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2017, April). Community engagement as a tool for combating racial profiling. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights policy. Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1), 44–46. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission.) (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. A. (2017). Inclusive workplace practice in Canada: Competing inequalities in an industrial-mobile society. In L. Foster & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Labour and human rights in China and Canada. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (APDR) Working Papers Series, 4(1), 11 pp. University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. A. (2017). Introduction: Labour and human rights. In L. Foster & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Labour and human rights in China and Canada. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (APDR) Working Papers Series, 4(1), 2 pp. University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L. (2017). Learning networks as a tool for good governance: The case of the Canada-China forum on industrial relations and employment standards. In L. Foster & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Labour and human rights in China and Canada. Asian Pacific Dispute Resolution (APDR) Working Papers Series, 4(1), 22 pp. University of British Columbia.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Sui, B. (2017, April). The Ottawa Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP). In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights policy. Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1), 16–18. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission). (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2017, April). Why police should collect racial data. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & L. Jacobs (Eds.), Racial profiling and human rights policy. Special Edition, Canadian Diversity, Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), 14(1), 16–18. (Published in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission.) (Also in French translation.)

2017

Foster, L. (2015). A human rights-based approach to immigrant workers: The policy on removing the Canadian experience barrier. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 8(1), 1–15.

2015

Foster, L. (2015). Organizational change and the policy on removing the Canadian experience barrier. Journal of Promising Practices on Diversity and Equity, 2(1), 20–28.

2015

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2012, September). Workplace practice and diversity in Canada: Employment policy in global modernity. Think India Quarterly, 15(3), 57–72.

2012

Foster, L. (2011, October). Equity and inclusive workplace policies in Canada. Industrial Relations and Labour Employment Working Papers, 1(1), 11–15. Capital University of Economics and Business Beijing.

2011

Cohn, D., Foster, L., & Greene, I. (2011, February). Learning from history: Program reviews and public safety. Policy Options,32(2), 8–13. Institute for Research on Public Policy.

2011

Foster, L. (2011, March). The foreign credentials gap in Canada: The case for targeted universalism. Directions, 3(3), 22–36. Canadian Race Relations Foundation, Research and Policy on Eliminating Racism.

2011

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2010, Fall). Shared citizenship as the context for competing human rights claims: Towards a social policy framework. In S. Azmi, L. Foster, & Jacobs, L. (Eds.), Toward a policy framework for addressing competing human rights claims. Canadian Diversity, 8(3), 10–13.

2010

Foster, L. (2009, June). Lawyers of colour and racialized immigrants with foreign legal degrees: An examination of the institutionalized processes of social nullification. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 2(1), 189–217.

2009

Foster, L. (2008, June). Foreign trained doctors in Canada: Cultural contingency and cultural democracy in the medical profession. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 1(1), 1–25.

2008

Foster, L. (1990). The cauldron of ethnicity. Currents: Readings in race relations, 6(1), 5–11.

1990

Foster, L. (1989). Ethnic marketing and human resource development: The case of Blacks in Canada. Human Affairs: An International Journal of Social Studies, 16, 106–126.

1989

Foster, L. (1988, July). Canada needs skilled immigrants. The African Messenger, 1(6), 19–44.

1988

Foster, L. (1987). The native demand for self-government. Currents: Readings in race relations, 4(2), 5–16.

1987

Foster, L. (1987). The political experience of Blackness in Canada. Human Affairs: An International Journal of Social Studies, 12, 25–53.

1987

Professional Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Foster, L. (2016, October 2). Bromley Lloyd Armstrong. The Canadian Encyclopedia.

2016

Foster, L. (2008, November 25). At 85, Roy Heron is a leader. Pan-African News Wire.

2008

Conference Papers

Publication
Year

Foster, L. (2020, September 30). A wicked problem in Canada: Understanding systemic anti-Black racism. Lancaster House — National Human Rights and Accommodation Conference, Virtual Event.

2020

Foster, L. (2020, February 4–5). Blackness in Canada: Youth and educations sector. Institute for Social Research (ISR) in partnership with the York Region District School Board’s (YRDSB) Human Rights Office. Blackness in Canada Policy Networking (BCPN) Conference: Critical Issues for Building Robust Community-Academic Alliances.

2020

Foster, L. (2019, November 26). Addressing human Rights issues and complaints. Advancing Human Rights in Education: A Symposium on Organizational Best Practices. Toronto District School Board (TDSB).

2019

Foster, L. (2019, November 26–27). Blackness in Canada: Organizational change management. Institute for Social Research (ISR) in partnership with the Toronto District School Board’s (TDSB) Human Rights Office. Advancing Human Rights in Education: A TDSB/York University Symposium on Organizational Best Practice.

2019

Foster, L. (2017, March 22). Race data collection as an equity tool. Race Inclusion and Supportive Environments (RISE) Symposium on Past and Present Anti-Racist Activism, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2017

Foster, L. (2016, February 16–18). Community engagement: Good responses to “racial profiling.” Racial Profiling Policy Dialogue. Ontario Human Rights Commission, York University Centre for Human Rights, York University School of Public Policy and Administration, and York University Institute for Social Research, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2016

Foster, L. (2016, April 5). How research can influence public policy. Health Systems and Health Equity Research Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), The Wellesley Institute, 10 Alcorn Avenue, Suite 300, Toronto, Canada.

2016

Foster, L. (2016, August 12). Race data collection in policing: Lessons learned by Ottawa Police Service (OPS) Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP). Canadian Association of Police Governance (CAPG) Annual Conference, Fairmont Chateau Laurier Hotel, 701 – 1 Rideau Street, Ottawa, Canada.

2016

Foster, L. (2015, October 20). Designing research to influence public policy. The Social Aetiology of Mental Illness CIHR training program Health Systems and Health Equity Research Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), The Wellesley Institute, 10 Alcorn Avenue, Suite 300, Toronto, Canada.

2015

Foster, L. (2015, October 30). Human rights and policing a multicultural society. Living and Learning in Retirement, Glendon Campus, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2015

Foster, L. (2015, March 12). Select topics in a human rights toolbox for police services — The Police Services Act and the Human Rights Code, York Regional Police Service, 47 Hillock Drive, Aurora, Canada.

2015

Foster, L. (2014, May 22). Human rights in the public sector. Public Policy and Administration, and Human Resource Management Intensive Training Program for Palestinian National School of Administration Instructors, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2014

Foster, L. (2012, April 17–18). Balancing competing human rights claims: From jurisprudence to policy. Checking Our Constitution@30: The Influence of the Canadian Constitution and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms on Legislation, Identities and Federalism. Hosted by the Association for Canadian Studies, the Faculty of Law (Civil Law), University of Ottawa, and the Public Law Group of the Faculty of Law (Common Law), University of Ottawa.

2012

Foster, L. (2012, July 19). Empowering differences in the workplace. Ministry of the Attorney General Legal Services Division — Diversity in Law Student Recruitment — Best Practices Workshop, 900 Bay Street, Toronto, Canada.

2012

Foster, L. (2012, May 28). The role of education in poverty eradication. Poverty Eradication Conference. Human Rights Participatory Growth and Poverty Eradication Program (HRPEP). Conference Moderator, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2012

Foster, L. (2011, October 20). Designing research to influence public policy. The Social Aetiology of Mental Illness CIHR training program Health Systems and Health Equity Research Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH).

2011

Foster, L. (2011, December 8–10). Learning networks as a tool for good governance: The case of the Canada-China forum on industrial relations and employment standards. Research Design Workshop of Trade in Comparative Perspective. Co-hosted by the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Centre, and the Institute of Asian Research at the University of British Columbia. Delhi, India.

2011

Foster, L. (2011, October 13–14). The changing global landscape for international trade and human rights linkages. Session Workshop Chair, SSHRC MCRI ASIA PACIFIC DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROJECT. Hosted by the York Centre for Public Policy & Law and the Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2011

Foster, L. (2011, May 6–7). Workplace inclusion strategies in Canada. Partnership between the Centre for Public Policy and Law (YCPPL) in Canada and Capital University of Economics and Business in China. Refereed paper presented at the Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Labour Employment. Beijing, China.

2011

Foster, L. (2010, January 28). Enhancing the role of municipalities against racism and discrimination. Inventory of tools for evaluating municipal policies aimed at fighting racism and discrimination. York University report presented to the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the Canadian Race Relations Foundation. Refereed paper presented at the Canadian Council of Municipalities Against Racism and Discrimination (CCMARD) Round Table.

2010

Foster, L. (2010, December 6–7). Testing a competing rights policy framework in the Toronto Secondary School Board (TSSB). Partnership between the York Centre for Public Policy and Law (YCPPL) and the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC). In the first phase, the YCPPL and the OHRC co-sponsored a Policy Dialogue and Community Engagement Working Series, which took place on March 5–6 of 2010, with a bilingual publication of the proceedings. In the second phase, the YCPPL and the OHRC are continuing the partnership of testing the competing rights policy framework in the Toronto Secondary School Board (TSSB).

2010

Foster, L. (2010, March 5–6). Towards a social policy approach to competing rights. Towards a framework to address competing human rights claims. Refereed paper co-presented with Lesley Jacobs at the Balancing Conflicting Rights Policy Dialogue sponsored by the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the York Centre for Public Policy and Law, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2010

Foster, L. (2010, March 5–6). What is conflict and how can it be resolved? Towards a framework to address competing human rights claims. Refereed paper presented at the Balancing Conflicting Rights Policy Dialogue, sponsored by the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the York Centre for Public Policy and Law, York University, Toronto, Canada.

2010

Foster, L. (2008, June). Whithering democratic heights? Contested terrains and the struggle for equity and accountability in Canadian universities. Organizer, chair, and discussant. Conference session held at the University of British Columbia, sponsored by the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences Congress.

2008

Foster, L. (2006, June). Globalization and transnational immigration: The changing family structure, work, identity and organizational practices. Organizer, chair, and discussant. Conference session held at York University, sponsored by the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences Congress.

2006

Foster, L. (2006, June). Race discourse, modernity and the politics of fear and exclusion. Chair. Conference session held at York University, sponsored by the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences Congress.

2006

Foster, L. (2005, October 29–30). The role of “third media” in minority empowerment. Refereed paper presented at the Annual New College Conference on Racism and National Consciousness. Race, Nation, State and Racial Profiling, New College, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

2005

Foster, L. (2003, March). Anti-racism: Four strategic approaches. Paper presented at the United Way of Burlington, Hamilton-Wentworth, Hamilton, Canada.

2003

Foster, L. (2003, May). Diversity training and anti-racism education. Paper presented at the London Cross Cultural Learning Centre, City of London, Canada.

2003

Foster, L. (2003, January). Multicultural youth outreach and leadership development. Presenter and facilitator, at the League for Human Rights, Toronto, Canada.

2003

Foster, L. (2002, December). Responding to racism and antisemitism. Paper presented at the Canadian Hebrew Academy of Toronto (CHAT), Toronto, Canada.

2002

Foster, L. (2002, November). Taking action against hate. Presenter and facilitator, at the Peel Multicultural Council, Mississauga, Canada.

2002

Foster, L. (2002, July). Taking action against hate. Presenter and facilitator, at the Somali Canadian Community, City of York, Canada.

2002

Foster, L. (2001, March). Racial and ethnic stereotypes. Paper presented at the League for Human Rights, International Week for the Elimination of Racism, Toronto, Canada.

2001

Foster, L. (2001, November). Reparations and racism: Life after Durban. World Conference Against Racism Review. League for Human Rights, Toronto, Canada.

2001

Foster, L. (2000, September). Racism and mainstream media coverage of Canadian immigration. Forum on Canada’s Treatment of Immigrants and Refugees. The Campaign to Defend Immigrants and Refugees (CDIR), Toronto, Canada.

2000

Foster, L. (2000, December). Responding to racism and antisemitism. Paper presented at the Jamaican Canadian Association, Toronto, Canada.

2000

Research Reports

Publication
Year

External Review Race Data in Use of Force Reporting by the Ottawa Police Service, 2020. Ottawa Police Service (OPS) and Ottawa Police Service Board (OPSB).

2022

Independent Expert Assessment Report: Toronto Police Service, Race‐Based Data Collection Strategy Phase I. Toronto Police Services Board and Toronto Police Service

2022

Foster, L., Park, S., McCague, H., Fletcher, M.-A., & Sikdar, J. (2021). Black Canadian National Survey Interim Report. Canadian Race Relations Foundation.

2021

Foster, L., & Jacobs, L. (2019, November). Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project (TSRDCP) II, 2016–2018: A Report on Ottawa and the Police Districts. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), 69 pp. (Also in French translation.)

2019

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2018, January 1). Independent Police Checks Review: Perceptions and Experiences with Police Stops in Ontario. Independent Police Checks Review, Government of Ontario, 36 pp.

2018

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). Anti-Racism Directorate Survey: Report of Findings. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 129 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). Consultation Report for the Framework on Race Data Collection, Management and Reporting: Broader Public Sector. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 15 pp.

2017

Foster, L. (2017, April). Expert Witness Report on Foreign-Trained Professionals of African Descent. Health Professions Appeal and Review Board. In The Matter of a Registration Hearing — Medicine Between: The Registration Committee of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario — And — Dr. IMG. The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario 80 College Street Toronto, Ontario M5G 2E2, 26 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). Framework for the Collection, Use and Management of Race-Related Data. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 34 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Wortley, S. (2017, March). International Scan of Race Data Collection Methods and Categories. Report for the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD), Ontario Public Service, Government of Ontario, 15 pp.

2017

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Siu, B. (2016, October). Race Data and Traffic Stops in Ottawa, 2013–2015: A Report on Ottawa and the Police Districts. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), 72 pp. (Also in French translation.)

2016

Foster, L., Jacobs, L. (2015, November). Human Rights Evaluation Report: Windsor Police Service Human Rights Project. Report for the Windsor Police Service (WPS), 73 pp.

2015

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., Siu, B. (2013, March). Census Benchmarking and Analytical Frameworks for OPS Race Data. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), City of Ottawa, pp. 12.

2013

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Siu, B. (2013, May). Traffic Stop Data — Methodology Paper. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), City of Ottawa, pp. 20.

2013

Foster, L., Jacobs, L., & Siu, B. (2013, March). Traffic Stop Race Based Data Collection Discussion Paper. Report for Ottawa Police Services Board (OPSB) and Ottawa Police Service (OPS), City of Ottawa, pp. 12.

2013

Foster, L., Jacobs, L. (2012, April). Final Report on the Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Labour Rights, Beijing, China, May 2011. Submitted to the International Trade and Labour Program, HRSDC, for the Labour Program, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC), 33 pp.

2012

Foster, L. (2012, January). Learning Networks as a Tool for Good Governance: The Case of the Canada-China Forum on Industrial Relations and Employment Standards. Report for the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Centre and the Institute of Asian Research at the University of British Columbia, 20 pp.

2012

Other

Publication
Year

Anti-Black racism hovers beneath the surface.

2021

What is the Black Canadian Experience?

2020

A Selection of Media Publications

2019