Since the 1990s, a burgeoning literature has emerged on return migration, with several analysts touting the benefits which return migrants have on the development of their countries of origin, especially in Africa, where the impact of a “brain-drain” has been overwhelming. Still, few analysts have examined the factors that influence migrants’ return intentions, and fewer still have explored the interconnections between immigrant integration, transnationalism, and return intentions. Similarly, the literature on how return intentions vary by spatio-temporal variables is scanty. This five-year project examines the return intentions of African immigrants in Canada, drawing on the experiences of Ghanaians and Somalis living in Toronto and Vancouver. By comparing these two immigrant groups in two major Canadian cities, the study seeks to deepen our geographic knowledge on how varying conditions at the country of origin and place of residence affect the return intentions of immigrants. Undoubtedly, the return outlooks of immigrants have some bearing on their loyalty, integration, and civic and labour market participation in the host country—therein lies the need for the host society to have some insights into this nexus.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Year Project Started:
(e.g type 1000 for 1,000)