zspicer


Zachary Spicer

Photo of Zachary Spicer

School of Public Policy and Administration

Associate Professor

Email: zspicer@yorku.ca

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Zachary Spicer is an Associate Professor in the School of Public Policy and Administration. He holds a PhD in Political Science from The University of Western Ontario and began his career as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Brock University after completing post-doctoral fellowships at the University of Toronto’s Institute of Municipal Finance and Governance and the Laurier Institute for the Study of Public Opinion and Policy at Wilfrid Laurier University. He has also served as a Senior Policy Advisor with the Ontario Public Service and as the Director of Research and Outreach with the Institute of Public Administration of Canada. He is the recipient of both the Susan Clarke Young Scholars’ Award and the Norton Long Young Scholars’ Award from the Urban Politics Section of the American Political Science Association.

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Degrees

PhD, Political Science , The University of Western Ontario
MA, Political Science, Wilfrid Laurier University
BA (Hons), Political Science , McMaster University

Research Interests

Politics and Government , Public Administration, Local Government, Smart Cities, Data Governance , Innovation Policy
Books

Publication
Year

Zwick, Austin and Zachary Spicer (eds). 2021. The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press

2021

Spicer, Zachary, Joseph Lyons and Kate Graham. 2019. Local Government in Practice: Case Studies in Policy, Planning and Governance. Toronto: Emond

2019

Spicer, Zachary. 2016. The Boundary Bargain: Growth, Development and the Future of City-County Separation. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2016

Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Spicer, Zachary. 2021. “A New Public-Private Partnership for the Platform Age? Uber as Public Transit.” The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance, eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Spicer, Zachary, Austin Zwick and Nina Carlsen. 2021. “A Smart City for Toronto: What Does Quayside Tell Us About the State of Smart City Building?” The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance. eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Spicer, Zachary and Austin Zwick. 2021. “Conclusion”. The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance. eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Zwick, Austin, Zachary Spicer and Kate Alexis Abogado. 2021. “Introduction.” The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Spicer, Zachary. 2019. “The Politics of Federal-Local Inter-Governmental Relations in Canada.” The State of the Federation 2017: Federalism and Democratic Renewal, eds. Elizabeth Goodyear-Grant and Kyle Hanniman. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press. June 2019.

2019

Lyons, Joseph and Zachary Spicer. 2018. “Accountability and Local Collaborative Governance.” Accountability and Responsiveness at the Municipal Level: Views from Canada, eds. Sandra Breux and Jerome Couture. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2018

Spicer, Zachary. 2018. “Municipalities and Canadian Public Administration.” Issues in Canadian Governance, eds. Amanda Clarke and Jonathan Craft. Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications.

2018

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Spicer, Zachary, Nicole Goodman and Nathan Olmstead. 2021. "The Frontier of Digital Opportunity: Smart City Implementation in Small, Rural and Remote Communities." Urban Studies 58(3): 535-558

2021

Goodman, Nicole, Austin Zwick, Zachary Spicer, Nina Carlsen. 2020. “Public Engagement in Municipal and Indigenous Smart City Development: Lessons from Canada’s Smart City Challenge.” The Canadian Geographer. Vol. 64, No. 3.

2020

Kiss, Simon, Andrea Perrella and Zachary Spicer. 2020. "Right-Wing Populism in a Metropolis: Personal Financial Stress, Conservative Attitudes and Rob Ford's Toronto." Journal of Urban Affairs 42(7): 1028-1046

2020

Goodman, Nicole and Zachary Spicer. 2019. “Administering Elections in a Digital Age: Online
Voting in Ontario Municipalities.” Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 62, No. 3.

2019

Zwick, Austin and Zachary Spicer. 2019. “Blight or Remedy: Understanding Ridehailing’s Role in the Precarious ‘Gig Economy’.” Planning Theory and Practice. Vol. 20, No. 3.

2019

Spicer, Zachary, Gabriel Eidelman and Austin Zwick. 2019. “Patterns of Local Policy Disruption: Regulatory Responses to Uber in Ten North American Cities.” Review of Policy Research. Vol. 36, No. 2.

2019

Zwick, Austin and Zachary Spicer. “Is Ridesharing Good for Canadian Cities?” The Canadian Geographer. Vol. 62, No. 4. December.

2018

Smith, Alison and Zachary Spicer. 2018. “The Local Autonomy of Canada’s Largest Cities.” Urban Affairs Review. Vol. 54, No. 5. September.

2018

Spicer, Zachary. 2017. “Bridging the Accountability and Transparency Gap in Inter-Local
Collaboration.” Local Government Studies. Vol. 43, No. 2.

2017

Spicer, Zachary, Michael McGregor and Christopher Alcantara. 2017. “Political Opportunity Structures and the Representation of Women and Visible Minorities in Municipal Elections.” Electoral Studies. Vol. 48.

2017

Spicer, Zachary. 2016. “A Patchwork of Participation: The Search for Community Representation in Post-Amalgamation Ontario.” Canadian Journal of Political Science. Vol. 49, No. 1

2016

Alcantara, Christopher and Zachary Spicer. 2016. “Evaluating the Kelowna Accord and the
Promise of Multilevel Governance in Canada.” Canadian Public Administration. Vol., 59, No. 2

2016

Spicer, Zachary. 2016. “Governance by Handshake? Assessing Informal Municipal Service
Sharing Relationships.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 42, No. 4.

2016

Spicer, Zachary and Kate Graham. 2016. “Preparing to Lead: Mayoral Transition Planning in Canadian Cities.” Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 59, No. 4.

2016

McGregor, Michael and Zachary Spicer. “The Canadian Homevoter: Property Values and Municipal Politics in Canada.” Journal of Urban Affairs. Vol. 38, No. 1

2016

Spicer, Zachary. 2015. “Adapting (Municipal) Form to (Provincial) Function: City-County Separation and the Introduction of the Consolidated Municipal Service Manager System in Ontario.” American Review of Canadian Studies. Vol. 45, No. 3.

2015

Spicer, Zachary. 2015. “Cooperation, Coordination and Competition: Why Do Municipalities Participate in Economic Development Alliances?” Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 58, No. 4,

2015

Spicer, Zachary. “Regionalism, Municipal Organization and Inter-Local Cooperation in Canada.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 41, No. 2.

2015

Spicer, Zachary. “The Ties That Bind? Exploring the Dynamics of Inter-Municipal Agreement Formation Between Separated Cities and Counties.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 40, No. 3.

2014

Spicer, Zachary and John L. Nater. 2013. “Legislative Dissent Without Reprisal? An Alternative View of Speaker Selection.” Journal of Legislative Studies. Vol. 19, No. 4.

2013

Alcantara, Christopher, Zachary Spicer and Rob Leone. 2012. “Institutional Design and the Accountability Paradox: A Case Study of Three Aboriginal Accountability Regimes in Canada,” in Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 55, No. 1.

2012

Spicer, Zachary. 2012. “Post-Amalgamation Politics: How Does Consolidation Impact
Community Decision-Making?” Canadian Journal of Urban Research. Vol. 21, No. 2.

2012

Alcantara, Christopher, Rob Leone and Zachary Spicer. 2012. “Responding to Policy Change from Above: Municipal Accountability and Transparency Regimes in Ontario,” Journal of Canadian Studies. Vol. 46, No. 1.

2012

Spicer, Zachary. “The Reluctant Urbanist: Pierre Trudeau and the Creation of the Ministry of State for Urban Affairs.” International Journal of Canadian Studies. Vol. 44

2012

Spicer, Zachary. “The Rise and Fall of the Ministry of State for Urban Affairs: A Re-Evaluation,” in Canadian Political Science Review. Vol. 5, No. 2

2011

Spicer, Zachary. 2010. “Institutional Policy Learning and Formal Federal-Urban Engagement in Canada,” in Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance. Vol. 7

2010

Research Reports

Publication
Year

Spicer, Zachary and Joseph Lyons. 2021. “Virtual Meeting Transitions in Middlesex County.” Policy Ready/Institute of Public Administration of Canada Digital Case Study Series. Toronto: Policy Ready and Institute of Public Administration of Canada. June 2021.

2021

Spicer, Zachary and Joseph Lyons. “The Ingredients for Innovation in Small Town Ontario: Leadership and Culture.” Policy Ready/Institute of Public Administration of Canada Digital Case Study Series. Toronto: Policy Ready and Institute of Public Administration of Canada.

2020

Daley, Kate and Zachary Spicer. 2018. “Finding Common Ground: Inter-Local Cooperation in Canada in Theory and Practice.” IMFG Forum. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2018

Spicer, Zachary. 2018. “The Platform Economy and Regulatory Disruption: Estimating the Impact on Municipal Revenue.” IMFG Papers. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance. University of Toronto.

2018

Flynn, Alexandra and Zachary Spicer. 2017. “Re-Imagining Community Councils in Canadian Local Government,” in IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2017

Spicer, Zachary and Adam Found. 2016. Thinking Regionally: How to Improve Service Delivery in Canada’s Cities. CD Howe Institute Commentary.

2016

Spicer, Zachary. 2015. “Cooperation and Capacity: Inter-Municipal Agreements in Canada,” in IMFG Papers. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2015

Slack, Enid, Zachary Spicer and Markham Montacer. 2014. “Decentralization and Gender Equity,” in Forum of the Federations Occasional Papers Series Vol. 14. Ottawa: Forum of the Federations.

2014

Spicer, Zachary. 2014. “Linking Regions, Linking Functions: Inter-Municipal Agreements in Ontario,” in IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto. .

2014

Andrew, Caroline, André Côté , Peter Graefe, Andrew Sancton, Zachary Spicer, John Sutcliffe and Tom Urbaniak. 2014. “The Times They Are A Changin’ (Mostly): A 2014 Election Primer for Ontario’s Biggest Cities,” IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2014

Spicer, Zachary. “Too Big, Yet Still Too Small: The Mixed Legacy of the Montréal and Toronto Amalgamations,” in IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2014


Current Courses

Term Course Number Section Title Type
Fall/Winter 2021 AP/PPAS3190 6.0 C Public Administration REMT


Upcoming Courses

Term Course Number Section Title Type
Winter 2022 AP/PPAS3190 6.0 M Public Administration LECT
Fall/Winter 2021 AP/PPAS3190 6.0 C Public Administration REMT


Zachary Spicer is an Associate Professor in the School of Public Policy and Administration. He holds a PhD in Political Science from The University of Western Ontario and began his career as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Brock University after completing post-doctoral fellowships at the University of Toronto’s Institute of Municipal Finance and Governance and the Laurier Institute for the Study of Public Opinion and Policy at Wilfrid Laurier University. He has also served as a Senior Policy Advisor with the Ontario Public Service and as the Director of Research and Outreach with the Institute of Public Administration of Canada. He is the recipient of both the Susan Clarke Young Scholars’ Award and the Norton Long Young Scholars’ Award from the Urban Politics Section of the American Political Science Association.

Degrees

PhD, Political Science , The University of Western Ontario
MA, Political Science, Wilfrid Laurier University
BA (Hons), Political Science , McMaster University

Research Interests

Politics and Government , Public Administration, Local Government, Smart Cities, Data Governance , Innovation Policy

All Publications


Book Chapters

Publication
Year

Spicer, Zachary. 2021. “A New Public-Private Partnership for the Platform Age? Uber as Public Transit.” The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance, eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Spicer, Zachary, Austin Zwick and Nina Carlsen. 2021. “A Smart City for Toronto: What Does Quayside Tell Us About the State of Smart City Building?” The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance. eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Spicer, Zachary and Austin Zwick. 2021. “Conclusion”. The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance. eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Zwick, Austin, Zachary Spicer and Kate Alexis Abogado. 2021. “Introduction.” The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance eds. Austin Zwick and Zachary Spicer. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2021

Spicer, Zachary. 2019. “The Politics of Federal-Local Inter-Governmental Relations in Canada.” The State of the Federation 2017: Federalism and Democratic Renewal, eds. Elizabeth Goodyear-Grant and Kyle Hanniman. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press. June 2019.

2019

Lyons, Joseph and Zachary Spicer. 2018. “Accountability and Local Collaborative Governance.” Accountability and Responsiveness at the Municipal Level: Views from Canada, eds. Sandra Breux and Jerome Couture. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2018

Spicer, Zachary. 2018. “Municipalities and Canadian Public Administration.” Issues in Canadian Governance, eds. Amanda Clarke and Jonathan Craft. Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications.

2018

Books

Publication
Year

Zwick, Austin and Zachary Spicer (eds). 2021. The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy and Governance. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press

2021

Spicer, Zachary, Joseph Lyons and Kate Graham. 2019. Local Government in Practice: Case Studies in Policy, Planning and Governance. Toronto: Emond

2019

Spicer, Zachary. 2016. The Boundary Bargain: Growth, Development and the Future of City-County Separation. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

2016

Journal Articles

Publication
Year

Spicer, Zachary, Nicole Goodman and Nathan Olmstead. 2021. "The Frontier of Digital Opportunity: Smart City Implementation in Small, Rural and Remote Communities." Urban Studies 58(3): 535-558

2021

Goodman, Nicole, Austin Zwick, Zachary Spicer, Nina Carlsen. 2020. “Public Engagement in Municipal and Indigenous Smart City Development: Lessons from Canada’s Smart City Challenge.” The Canadian Geographer. Vol. 64, No. 3.

2020

Kiss, Simon, Andrea Perrella and Zachary Spicer. 2020. "Right-Wing Populism in a Metropolis: Personal Financial Stress, Conservative Attitudes and Rob Ford's Toronto." Journal of Urban Affairs 42(7): 1028-1046

2020

Goodman, Nicole and Zachary Spicer. 2019. “Administering Elections in a Digital Age: Online
Voting in Ontario Municipalities.” Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 62, No. 3.

2019

Zwick, Austin and Zachary Spicer. 2019. “Blight or Remedy: Understanding Ridehailing’s Role in the Precarious ‘Gig Economy’.” Planning Theory and Practice. Vol. 20, No. 3.

2019

Spicer, Zachary, Gabriel Eidelman and Austin Zwick. 2019. “Patterns of Local Policy Disruption: Regulatory Responses to Uber in Ten North American Cities.” Review of Policy Research. Vol. 36, No. 2.

2019

Zwick, Austin and Zachary Spicer. “Is Ridesharing Good for Canadian Cities?” The Canadian Geographer. Vol. 62, No. 4. December.

2018

Smith, Alison and Zachary Spicer. 2018. “The Local Autonomy of Canada’s Largest Cities.” Urban Affairs Review. Vol. 54, No. 5. September.

2018

Spicer, Zachary. 2017. “Bridging the Accountability and Transparency Gap in Inter-Local
Collaboration.” Local Government Studies. Vol. 43, No. 2.

2017

Spicer, Zachary, Michael McGregor and Christopher Alcantara. 2017. “Political Opportunity Structures and the Representation of Women and Visible Minorities in Municipal Elections.” Electoral Studies. Vol. 48.

2017

Spicer, Zachary. 2016. “A Patchwork of Participation: The Search for Community Representation in Post-Amalgamation Ontario.” Canadian Journal of Political Science. Vol. 49, No. 1

2016

Alcantara, Christopher and Zachary Spicer. 2016. “Evaluating the Kelowna Accord and the
Promise of Multilevel Governance in Canada.” Canadian Public Administration. Vol., 59, No. 2

2016

Spicer, Zachary. 2016. “Governance by Handshake? Assessing Informal Municipal Service
Sharing Relationships.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 42, No. 4.

2016

Spicer, Zachary and Kate Graham. 2016. “Preparing to Lead: Mayoral Transition Planning in Canadian Cities.” Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 59, No. 4.

2016

McGregor, Michael and Zachary Spicer. “The Canadian Homevoter: Property Values and Municipal Politics in Canada.” Journal of Urban Affairs. Vol. 38, No. 1

2016

Spicer, Zachary. 2015. “Adapting (Municipal) Form to (Provincial) Function: City-County Separation and the Introduction of the Consolidated Municipal Service Manager System in Ontario.” American Review of Canadian Studies. Vol. 45, No. 3.

2015

Spicer, Zachary. 2015. “Cooperation, Coordination and Competition: Why Do Municipalities Participate in Economic Development Alliances?” Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 58, No. 4,

2015

Spicer, Zachary. “Regionalism, Municipal Organization and Inter-Local Cooperation in Canada.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 41, No. 2.

2015

Spicer, Zachary. “The Ties That Bind? Exploring the Dynamics of Inter-Municipal Agreement Formation Between Separated Cities and Counties.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 40, No. 3.

2014

Spicer, Zachary and John L. Nater. 2013. “Legislative Dissent Without Reprisal? An Alternative View of Speaker Selection.” Journal of Legislative Studies. Vol. 19, No. 4.

2013

Alcantara, Christopher, Zachary Spicer and Rob Leone. 2012. “Institutional Design and the Accountability Paradox: A Case Study of Three Aboriginal Accountability Regimes in Canada,” in Canadian Public Administration. Vol. 55, No. 1.

2012

Spicer, Zachary. 2012. “Post-Amalgamation Politics: How Does Consolidation Impact
Community Decision-Making?” Canadian Journal of Urban Research. Vol. 21, No. 2.

2012

Alcantara, Christopher, Rob Leone and Zachary Spicer. 2012. “Responding to Policy Change from Above: Municipal Accountability and Transparency Regimes in Ontario,” Journal of Canadian Studies. Vol. 46, No. 1.

2012

Spicer, Zachary. “The Reluctant Urbanist: Pierre Trudeau and the Creation of the Ministry of State for Urban Affairs.” International Journal of Canadian Studies. Vol. 44

2012

Spicer, Zachary. “The Rise and Fall of the Ministry of State for Urban Affairs: A Re-Evaluation,” in Canadian Political Science Review. Vol. 5, No. 2

2011

Spicer, Zachary. 2010. “Institutional Policy Learning and Formal Federal-Urban Engagement in Canada,” in Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance. Vol. 7

2010

Research Reports

Publication
Year

Spicer, Zachary and Joseph Lyons. 2021. “Virtual Meeting Transitions in Middlesex County.” Policy Ready/Institute of Public Administration of Canada Digital Case Study Series. Toronto: Policy Ready and Institute of Public Administration of Canada. June 2021.

2021

Spicer, Zachary and Joseph Lyons. “The Ingredients for Innovation in Small Town Ontario: Leadership and Culture.” Policy Ready/Institute of Public Administration of Canada Digital Case Study Series. Toronto: Policy Ready and Institute of Public Administration of Canada.

2020

Daley, Kate and Zachary Spicer. 2018. “Finding Common Ground: Inter-Local Cooperation in Canada in Theory and Practice.” IMFG Forum. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2018

Spicer, Zachary. 2018. “The Platform Economy and Regulatory Disruption: Estimating the Impact on Municipal Revenue.” IMFG Papers. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance. University of Toronto.

2018

Flynn, Alexandra and Zachary Spicer. 2017. “Re-Imagining Community Councils in Canadian Local Government,” in IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2017

Spicer, Zachary and Adam Found. 2016. Thinking Regionally: How to Improve Service Delivery in Canada’s Cities. CD Howe Institute Commentary.

2016

Spicer, Zachary. 2015. “Cooperation and Capacity: Inter-Municipal Agreements in Canada,” in IMFG Papers. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2015

Slack, Enid, Zachary Spicer and Markham Montacer. 2014. “Decentralization and Gender Equity,” in Forum of the Federations Occasional Papers Series Vol. 14. Ottawa: Forum of the Federations.

2014

Spicer, Zachary. 2014. “Linking Regions, Linking Functions: Inter-Municipal Agreements in Ontario,” in IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto. .

2014

Andrew, Caroline, André Côté , Peter Graefe, Andrew Sancton, Zachary Spicer, John Sutcliffe and Tom Urbaniak. 2014. “The Times They Are A Changin’ (Mostly): A 2014 Election Primer for Ontario’s Biggest Cities,” IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2014

Spicer, Zachary. “Too Big, Yet Still Too Small: The Mixed Legacy of the Montréal and Toronto Amalgamations,” in IMFG Perspectives. Toronto: Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto.

2014


Current Courses

Term Course Number Section Title Type
Fall/Winter 2021 AP/PPAS3190 6.0 C Public Administration REMT


Upcoming Courses

Term Course Number Section Title Type
Winter 2022 AP/PPAS3190 6.0 M Public Administration LECT
Fall/Winter 2021 AP/PPAS3190 6.0 C Public Administration REMT